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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an

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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2005, 04:25
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were

Last edited by doe007 on 30 Apr 2013, 03:46, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 10 Nov 2013, 08:42
Please can anyone explain me why "were" is correct in option A, there should be a "was" after deal !!
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2013, 11:05
ravijot wrote:
Please can anyone explain me why "were" is correct in option A, there should be a "was" after deal !!

Generally when we are talking about a scenario whose occurrence of which we are unsure of, we would be using "were" rather than "was".
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2013, 12:38
chunjuwu wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were


In this one, I had a doubt : Was "Not one of the potential investors is" or "Not one of the potential investors are"?

In less than one minute, you can figue it out:

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were - Correct

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was - "For buying" is wrong

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were - "Them" is wrong

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was - "For buying" is wrong

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were - "To be making" is wrong
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2014, 11:49
chunjuwu wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were


Hi e-Gmat

When we break the sentence into its clauses ;

Not one of the potential investors (Sub) is expected (verb) to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank

until a merger agreement (Sub) is signed (Verb)

that (Sub) includes (verb) a provision for penalties

if the deal (Sub) were (verb)not to be concluded.

Is this correct?

Question : What “that” is referring to? Agreement? Can “that” clause jump over the verb to modify noun?
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 11:42
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

If you go by meaning then absolutely 'that' refers to 'merger agreement'.

Even if you don't want to go by meaning but by structure.

Then yes the noun modifier can jump to modify far away noun if the critical predicate falls between.

Critical predicate=is signed
Subject=agreement
Modifier=that...

Hope that helps!
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 12:42
Can "not one" be considered as "none"? In that case, the sentence should have read as None of the investors ARE expected.... Please advise.
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 19:43
IDIOmT wrote:
Can "not one" be considered as "none"? In that case, the sentence should have read as None of the investors ARE expected.... Please advise.

Actually there indeed is some debate on whether none should be singular or plural. There are a couple of sentences in OG-13, indicating that GMAT considers none as singular:

#5: ..... perhaps none was more concentrated than...

#27: None of the attempts to specify the causes of crime explains.....

However, I have yet to come across a question, which actually expects test takers to choose between singular and plural verb (with the usage of none). Perhaps GMAT wants to stay clear of this topic, since there seems to be no absolute consensus among grammarians on this subject.
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 23:48
In (C), does ''with'' need to be close to merger agreement as it modifies based on the touch rule.

Or is my logic wrong?
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2015, 10:21
All the answers are wrong to me. The conditional form to unlikely scenarios is:
if + [past tense subjunctive], would + [verb]
The correct construction should be:
(...) would be expected (...) if the deal were (...)

Am I wrong?
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2015, 19:29
Not one of the investor is a singular in this case. which brings down to 3 options.
B and C have pronoun ambiguity in "they" and "them".
Hence option A.

I chose B though, missed on checking pronoun in options which was not there in main question. (so learning for me that pronoun can be introduced in options as well).
One question i chose option B deal should be singular, why it is made plural in the correct option.
Please someone explain.

chunjuwu wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2015, 23:35
HIMALAYA wrote:
Agree with A that it is the least harmful.

but is "that" in A has clear referent. "that" in A is after signed. if so, doesnot it modify signed rather a merge agreement.

okdongdong wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an effort to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were


This is also what I concern about choice A. I think "that includes.." modifies "a merge agreement" and if so, the clause should be right after the noun.

Can anyone kindly explain?
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2015, 10:51
First decision point:
is/are--- obviously is. So D and E are out.

2nd Decision Point

If the deal were/was. Were- correct. Because the deal is hypothetical not the the one which exists now. So, B is out

3rd Decision Point:
Until a merger be/is signed. Obviously "is signed". Ans A
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2015, 10:57
Nhung wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
Agree with A that it is the least harmful.

but is "that" in A has clear referent. "that" in A is after signed. if so, doesnot it modify signed rather a merge agreement.

okdongdong wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an effort to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were


This is also what I concern about choice A. I think "that includes.." modifies "a merge agreement" and if so, the clause should be right after the noun.

Can anyone kindly explain?



No it is not always necessary to put the relative pronoun next to the noun. In GMAT you will get few sentences which use the relative pronoun slightly far away from the noun. By understanding the meaning you have to find the logical referent for the relative pronoun. There are many official correct answers which use the same logic. Actually why does it happen?

There is no other way you can put the noun next to pronoun. When there is no other way, you have to consider this type of construction
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2015, 21:36
Correct me if im wrong. Shouldnt one of the denote plural form ?. Shouldnt A,B and C rule out in this case. I went with E as the answer.
Can someone please explain if this concept of mine is wrong.
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 23 May 2015, 21:34
qhoc0010 wrote:
I go with (B) on this toughie.

Not one = none ~ either singular/plural

This is not subjunctive mood so "...deal were" is wrong. So (B) and (D) left. (D) is out for this "it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included". (B) uses "they" referring to "potential investors"

Correct me if I am wrong.


D and E are wrong. SVA.
Subjunctive mood = Expresses a condition which is doubtful or not factual.
They were not sure of the deal. Therefore subjunctive condition.
Therefore WERE It is similar to making statements contrary to fact. One tense in the past.
B is wrong, because it has "agreement including.. blah...".. does that mean they have to do 2 different things?
C is wrong because it has pronoun them. Whats the antecedant, inverster or bank?
A is correct.
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2015, 00:55
I have a question here...

Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

I believe, "that" here points to merger agreement. Is it a valid construction?
What I remember is that "which" can't jump over verb to modify the subject. Looks like "that" doesn't have any such restriction.

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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2015, 02:42
JarvisR wrote:
I have a question here...

Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

I believe, "that" here points to merger agreement. Is it a valid construction?
What I remember is that "which" can't jump over verb to modify the subject. Looks like "that" doesn't have any such restriction.



Meaning ALWAYS wins over GRAMMAR.

that clearly refers to the merger agreement.
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2015, 07:27
mbassmbass04 wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were



Split 1 : (At the start) "Is" Vs "are"
Not one is singular and hence "Is" is correct. Option D and E are eliminated based on this.

Split 2 : (in middle) "until a merger agreement is signed" Vs "until they sign a merger agreement" Vs "merger agreement be signed by them"
Pronoun They do not have clear Antecedent. They cannot refer to singular "not one investor" Also, it wont make it logically correct.
Hence Option B and E are Incorrect.
"merger agreement be signed by them"
Them is referring to whom Investor or bank . No clear antecedent. Ambiguous incorrect pronoun usage. Hence Option C is incorect

Split 3: in the end "if the deal were" Vs "If the deal Was"
The deal is still not real, it is doubtful Hence in subjunctive mood. So were is correct.
Hence Option B and D are out.

A is winner in POE
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2015, 05:03
We can understand by meaning that if suggests hypothetical subjunctive(against reality) condition,so choices B & D are out.
E is out because of plural use are rather than is.
Choices are between A and C.
A makes more sense than C because the insertion of that clause clears the purpose of the agreement.
Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2015, 05:03

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