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# Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society

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Senior Manager
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28 Jun 2004, 22:31
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Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.
(A) had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute
(B) did society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute
(C) had society seriously questioned the right of the state for the executing of
(D) did society seriously question the right of the state to execute
(E) had society seriously questioned whether the state had a right that it could execute

why is A wrong ?
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ash
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I'm crossing the bridge.........

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28 Jun 2004, 23:26
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D it is.
Enlightenment happened 200 years ago. Did the questioning happen before or after the Enlightenment? Stem says not until [...] Therefore, the questioning happened after that event. Use of past perfect would be wrong because past perfect denotes something happening prior to another event in the past; we have the exact opposite here. Of B and D, B is grammatically wrong while D is very concise (right of the state to execute)
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Paul

Last edited by Paul on 29 Jun 2004, 06:56, edited 1 time in total.
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29 Jun 2004, 02:18
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ashkg wrote:
Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.
(A) had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute
(B) did society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute
(C) had society seriously questioned the right of the state for the executing of
(D) did society seriously question the right of the state to execute
(E) had society seriously questioned whether the state had a right that it could execute

why is A wrong ?

My answer is also D. Paul is completely correct as far as tenses are concerned, but there's another issue here, as well.

Note that D is the only option that uses 'the right [...] to do smth'

options A, B, E - use 'the right [...] that' - which is unidiomatic

C - uses 'the right [...] for' - which is unidiomatic as well
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29 Jun 2004, 05:02
I chose D eventually. Paul thanks for the clear explanation on choosing "did" instead of past perfect "had". I was not clear on what to choose so I moved to the end of the sentences and the sentence 'the right... to' seemed better than other choices 'the right... that"
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29 Jun 2004, 08:21
Grace,
thanks for reminding me of the idiom

graceful work !

- ash
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ash
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I'm crossing the bridge.........

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