Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able

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Director
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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2008, 10:57
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Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be property inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.
(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level.
(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.
(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses.
(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are not solved.

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14 Feb 2008, 11:14
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automan wrote:
Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved. If the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level, either the profession will have to lower its entrance standards, or there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses. It is not certain, however, that lowering entrance standards will avert a shortage. It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

Which one of the following can be property inferred from the passage?

(A) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.
(B) The nursing profession will have to lower its entrance standards if the pool of able applicants to nursing school does not increase beyond the current level.
(C) If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, high quality health care will be maintained.
(D) If the nursing profession fails to solve the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, there will soon be an acute shortage of nurses.
(E) The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are not solved.

E

If you cannot solve the low wage or high stress problems then you cannot increase the pool.

If you cannot increase the pool then you will have to lower standars or have a shortage.

If you lower standards or have a shortage then high quality cannot be maintained.

If A then B
If B then C
If C then D

If A then D
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14 Feb 2008, 11:34
E for me as well.

Similar outline to the above post .... its implied that right now we have a good level of healthcare, but if we dont solve the 2 problems, we wont be able to maintain this level
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14 Feb 2008, 12:11
E seems to be airtight.

A. If we have additional third problem, we cannot attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.

B. We have "or" not "and" between two consequences.

C. If we have another problem for maintaining of high quality health care, we cannot reach the goal.

D. We have "or" not "and" between two consequences. And the weak link between them "..It is not certain...". Therefore, the statement can be false.
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14 Feb 2008, 16:33
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A ?
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14 Feb 2008, 16:36
OA is E. Good job guys.
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 04:48
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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15 Oct 2013, 06:11
Is there any significant difference between A and E?
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2013, 21:00
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KanupriyaS wrote:
Is there any significant difference between A and E?

Hi,

I can try and explain the difference between A and E.

A says
If the nursing profession solves the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions, it will attract able applicants in greater numbers than it currently does.
The first line in the question stem states
Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able applicants than they currently do unless the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are solved.
The problem I feel with this answer is that it states the if the nursing profession solves the problem, it will attract more applicants. But the first line in the question stems states that nursing schools cannot attract a number of applicants unless they solve the problems of low wages and high stress working conditions.
So basically the pattern question stem is following is
A cannot happen unless you solve two things.

A will happen if you solve the two things.

So in my opinion, the answer choice does not state what the question stem writes.

Whereas E says
The current high quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems of low wages and high-stress working conditions in the nursing profession are not solved.
This answer choice is best because it basically re-writes what is written in the last line...
It is clear that with either a shortage of nurses or lowered entrance standards of the profession, the current high quality of health care cannot be maintained.

The answer choice states that High quality of health care will not be maintained if the problems are not solved.
The last line also says high quality of health care cannot be maintained unless the problems are not solved. (The difference is that the question steams does not mention the problems but the effects of the problems.

Hope this helps
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2013, 21:07
Oh. Nice explanation. Thanks!

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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2015, 06:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2015, 08:34
I am confused about A, D and E. Can someone please explain this???
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Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2015, 11:45
I think I got it... If someone can explain whether my reasoning is correct or not, it'll help me a lot

Alright, from the information provided in the passage we know NS can't increase the no. of able candidates unless
*low wages
*stressful working conditions
aren't solved.

The passage doesn't talk about WHAT could happen IF these conditions are solved.... So, via this method, B, C and D can be ignored. Now coming to A and E

A: If problems are solved, more students will apply (no information in passage gives us this hierarchical showcase) (In the real world case, maybe YES, but in real world scenario, even D may be true...so ignore "real world" simulations)
E: the health standard wont be maintained because of the shortage of nurses (even exam standard can't help) ----> Shortage because of those two conditions. So this is directly related. and hence OA = E
Re: Nursing schools cannot attract a greater number of able   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2015, 11:45
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