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Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates

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Re: Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2013, 20:52
Tough question because it's hard to determine what type question. If you can determine the question type, you can find the correct answer quickly.

In general, there are three main type of families:

- Family#1: PROVE (Must be true, Main point, Method of Reasoning, Flaw in the Reasoning, Parallel Reasoning)
- Family#2: HELP (Assumption, Strengthen/Support, Resolve the Paradox)
- Family#3: HURT (weaken)

Because you see there is conclusion here, so the question stem is "Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the nutritionist's statements" = "if the conclusion above is true, which one of the following MUST BE TRUE".

Now, you know to attack the MUST BE TRUE question? The Correct answer MUST pass the FACT test. There are only two types of CORRECT answer.
(1) Paraphrasing (Re-write one part of the stimulus)
(2) Combination (combine some parts of the stimulus)

ANALYSIS:

Premise 1: High intake of simple carbohydrate (S-C) --> More insulin
Premise 2: When body need energy, insulin will process sugars & starches to create energy
Premise 3: When body does not need energy, insulin will process sugars & starches to store by-product as fat
Conclusion: Simple carbohydrates are not always as good for low-fat diets as people thought. KEY

CONSIDER EACH ANSWER:

A) People on low-fat diets should avoid consumption of simple carbohydrates if they wish to maintain the energy that their bodies require.
>>> Wrong. The author does not say that "people wish to maintain the energy".

B) People who produce enough insulin to process their intake of simple carbohydrates should not feel compelled to adopt low-fat diets.
>>> Wrong. The author does not say whether people should compel to adopt low-fat diets or not when they have enough insulin.

C) People who consume simple carbohydrates should limit their intake of foods high in fat.
>>> Wrong. The author never recommend people who consume S-C should limit fat food. The author just talks about the possibility of gaining fat if people eat S-C.

D) People who wish to avoid gaining body fat should limit their intake of foods high in simple carbohydrates.
>>> Correct. D also means simple carbohydrates may create fat, so if people don't want to gain fat, they should LIMIT simple carbohydrates.

E) People who do not produce an excessive amount of insulin when they consume foods high in simple carbohydrates will not lose weight if they restrict only their intake of these foods.
>>> Wrong. It's a shell game. The conclusion does not talk about the possibility of LOSE WEIGHT. It just talks about the possibility of gaining fat if people have excessive insulin.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2013, 20:52
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