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Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates [#permalink]
13 Jul 2005, 07:00
100% (03:35) correct
0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates are a reasonable caloric replacement for the fatty foods forbidden to those on low-fat diets. This is now in doubt. New studies show that, for many people, a high intake of simpel carbohydrates stimulates an overproduction of insulin, a hormone that is involved in processing sugars and starches to create energy when the body requires energy, or, when energy is not required, to store the resulting by-products as fat.
Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the nutritionist's statements?
A) People on low-fat diets should avoid consumption of simple carbohydrates if they wish to maintain the energy that their bodies require.
B) People who produce enough insulin to process their intake of simple carbohydrates should not feel compelled to adopt low-fat diets.
C) People who consume simple carbohydrates should limit their intake of foods high in fat.
D) People who wish to avoid gaining body fat should limit their intake of foods high in simple carbohydrates.
E) People who do not produce an excessive amount of insulin when they consume foods high in simple carbohydrates will not lose weight if they restrict only their intake of these foods.
In your opinion, What "type" of question is this? Is this a "strengthen" or "conclusion" type of question?
I'll go with 'E' on this one.
D generalizes too much making it applicable to anyone who wishes to lose weight. However, the argument suggests the reverse by stating that such a scenario exists 'for many people' rather than for all.
E seems more clear in stating that those who are not impacted by consuming simple carbohydrates will not benefit (in terms of losing weight)by staying off such foods. Some other type of food (other than simple carbs) must be cut down to bring abt weight loss.
SSAP, after reading your post, E sounds convincing too, but I am sticking to D for now.
gmataquaguy, I have made another classification called - support classification to handle these questions. These questions don't fall under assumptions, or strengthen questions. But rather, the support questions, will ask questions like this
Which of these statements is the author most likely to agree with?
Which of the following statement will support the author's conclusion... etc..etc..
I will go with A.
D sounds too generic. The author no where has mentioned anything about people on diet. A talks about the people who think simple carbohydrates as a replacement for low fat. This is within scope of the argument.
But the question(misleading) is not concerned with the scope of argument then D may be true.
For those of you who chose AC D was the OA crystal clear? Here is what i was thinking, when i chose A and eliminated AC D.
For A: If you are on a low fat diet and consume/replace low fat diet with "simple carbs" then the following happens:
- You'll produce more insulin and therefore your body uses the insulin to a) increase or energy level or b) when energy is not required more fat is produced.
In BOTH conditions a) or b) your energy level ISNT the same as what it was prior to the switch. THat is what AC A is saying. So what gives?
For D: Isnt it possible that condition "a" occurs for people who switch to the simple carb diet and therefore the should in AC D isnt really applicable?
the main difference between A) and D) is "simple" and "high" intake of carbohydrates. to strengthen the arg of the author we need to find a solution that refers to a high intake of c. that is D). the author agrees with A) as stated in the first 2 line of his arg. but the real the intention of his arg is different to A).
If your mind can conceive it and your heart can believe it, have faith that you can achieve it.
You had asked me to explain why I chose D. D was a natural pick, and I will explain my reasoning.
Before proceeding to pick an answer choice that most strongly supports the author's argument, quickly summarize the arguments in two lines.
The nutritionist says that - People claim that simple carbohydrates are a good alternative to low fat diets, but the truth is simple carbs, can turn into fat, when energy is not required. So, we can conclude from the author's argument that simple carbohydrates can turn into fat, and people who take low fat diets to avoid weight gain, should refrain from simple carbohydrate.
Once you have understood, what the nutritionist is trying to convey, you can check the answer choices.
Choice A is intended to trap test takers. It uses key words, "low fat diets", "avoid..simple carbs","energy level". But taken together, choice A conveys a totally different meaning. The nutritionist is definitely not saying that people on low fat diets should avoid simple carbs to maintain their energy level that their body require. The word energy level is meant to mislead you. From the conclusion we arrived earlier, we know that the nutritionist was cautioning people who wanted to avoid weight gain from taking simple carbs, as simple carbs can lead to weight gain. Therefore A is out.
Again from our conclusion, we know that D is true.
Regarding your question about question types.
I have classified CPA (Conclusion - Premise - Assumption) question types as follows :-
Okay. Would you care to elaborate on some of posted questions?
I did not explain only because the question had been chewed over, I give explanation when i am the first few to answer...Some question i just answer so that when i come back i know i did the question..Please dont generalize.
Re: Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates [#permalink]
11 Apr 2013, 04:52
I completely agree with you,Its's necessary to eat the right food while being on these kind of diets because maintaining the diet is the first thing you need to do.Taking light and healthy food can give you what you physically need. Helps you a lot in weight losing weight getting the right physic.
Re: Nutritionist: many people claim that simple carbohydrates
11 Apr 2013, 04:52