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Of all the countries contiguous to China, the Soviet Union's

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Of all the countries contiguous to China, the Soviet Union's [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2010, 06:43
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A
B
C
D
E

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50% (01:16) correct 50% (00:00) wrong based on 8 sessions
Of all the countries contiguous to China, the Soviet Union's borders were most strongly defended.
A) the Soviet Union's borders were most strongly defended
B) the borders of the Soviet Union were defended more strongly than any of the others
C) the Soviet Union's borders stood out for the strength of their defensive capability
D) the Soviet Union had the most strongly defended borders
E) the Soviet Union's were the most strongly defended borders
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Re: Kaplan SC - The Soviet Union's borders [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2010, 15:30
without doubt its D..... singular verb + correct subject
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Re: Kaplan SC - The Soviet Union's borders [#permalink] New post 24 Apr 2010, 15:55
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It's (D), but not for the reason you describe.

Whenever the GMAT gives us a phrase at the beginning (or middle or end) of a sentence that is isolated by commas, we need to ask ourself what it's describing. In this case, a country: 'of all the countries contiguous...'. (D) is the only answer choice that correctly gives us a country (the Soviet Union). Every other answer choice follows that descriptive phrase with the Soviet Unions borders, which are not in fact one of the countries contiguous to China.
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Re: Kaplan SC - The Soviet Union's borders [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 22:02
Hi Eli,

With same logic, The ans of following que must be
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A)
but actually it is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(B)


Of the people who brought about the Reformation, the religious revolution that grew out of objections to the doctrines of the medieval church, Martin Luther is the best known of them.
(A) Martin Luther is the best known of them
(B) the best known is Martin Luther
(C) the better known of them was Martin Luther
(D) Martin Luther is better known
(E) the best known one was Martin Luther

Please help me understanding why answer is different from the one in this Post.
Thanks
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Re: Kaplan SC - The Soviet Union's borders [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 22:51
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(A) Martin Luther is the best known of them

The modification issue is only one aspect of the structure. Perhaps A may pass that. But the problem with A is the built - in redundancy of the phrase ‘of them’

Of them’ is duplicating ‘of the people’. Flip the sentence and you will see the effect of it

Martin Luther is the best known ‘of them, of the people’ who brought about the Reformation, the religious revolution that grew out of objections to the doctrines of the medieval church,


In B, you find no such redundancy


B) The best known is Martin Luther of the people who brought about the Reformation, the religious revolution that grew out of objections to the doctrines of the medieval church

Although this is a little bit of poetic writing, still the classic sentence is:

Martin Luther is the best known of the people who brought about the Reformation, the religious revolution that grew out of objections to the doctrines of the medieval church

The difference between the Soviet Union case and the Martin Luther Case is that, in the former, the problem of was one of an unequal comparison of a country with a border, while in the latter, the comparison has been correctly made between "of the people and Martin Luther." , a human with another human.

Both cases are vastly different in syntax
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Re: Kaplan SC - The Soviet Union's borders   [#permalink] 20 Dec 2010, 22:51
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