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# Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or

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SVP
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Re: cow and pig problem [#permalink]

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04 May 2011, 02:38
40 = P + C

C > 2P

C > 2(40 - C)

=> 3C > 80

=> C > 26

Not Sufficient

2)

P > 12

Not sufficient

(1) + (2)

C> 26 and P > 12

So C = 27, P = 13

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Re: 60 animals in a farm [#permalink]

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07 May 2011, 14:13
Read the word 'more' in the 1st statement.

so there are total 40 animals that are either cow or pigs.
st - 1==> you can have 8 pigs and 32 cows OR 10 pigs and 30 cows OR 12 pigs and 28 cows OR 13 pigs and 27 cows ... so not sufficient.
st - 2 not sufficient ==> if pigs are more than 12 it could be that pigs are 13 or 14 or whatsoever ... and remaining cows.

if you consider together... basically you noticed that in st - 1, you need something to restrict # of pigs which is provided by st - 2.
so considering both, you can just have 1 case - pigs 13 and cows 27.
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Re: cow and pig problem [#permalink]

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07 May 2011, 23:49
p+c = 40

a c> 2p means p = 1 ; c = 39 or p = 4 ; c = 36. Not sufficient.

b p>12 means p = 13 gives c = 27 or p = 14 gives c = 26. Not sufficient.

a+b only p = 13 and c = 27 fits for p+c = 40

hence C
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Re: cow and pig problem [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 12:25
p +c =40

c?

1. Not sufficient

c>2p
we dont know much about p.

2. Not sufficient

p>12
we could be any of the following

p c
13 27
14 26
15 25

Together , Its sufficient

as p = 13 and c=27 is the only combination that satisfies the given condition.

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08 Jan 2012, 01:53
2/3 of the animals are cow and pigs = 40 animals = Pigs + Cows

according to 1) C > 2 P insuff
2) P > 12 insuff

from 1) & 2)
C > 24
i.e the possible combinations
C P
25 15
26 14
27 13 ==> this one satisfys both 1 & 2

Hence C
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09 Jan 2012, 11:12
Rephrase: C + P = 40

1. C > 2P . Insuff
2. P > 12. insuff

Together, the only (C, P) combination that meets the sum is (13, 27). C
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DS - If negative answer only, still sufficient. No need to find exact solution.
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2012, 07:43
The question tells us that:
$$p + c = 40$$

Restrictions:
$$p$$ and $$c$$ must be non-negative integers. (We can't have -2 pigs or 1.5 cows.)

(1)
$$c > 2p$$

Let's say that $$c = 2p$$. Then:
$$p + c = 40$$
$$p + (2p) = 40$$
$$p = 13.33$$

If $$p$$ were an integer greater than 13.33, then $$p + c$$ would be greater than 40 (for example, if $$p = 14$$, then $$p + c > (14) + 2(14)$$, $$p + c > 42$$). But $$p + c$$ cannot be greater than 40, since the question says that $$p + c = 40$$. Therefore:
$$p < =13.33$$

Insufficient because $$p$$ could be one of a number of non-negative integers less than 13.33 (for example, 13 or 2), and thus $$c$$ could be one of a number of non-negative integers ($$c$$ = 40 minus whatever $$p$$ is).

(2)
$$p > 12$$

Insufficient because $$p$$ could be one of a number of integers (for example, 13 or 39), and thus $$c$$ could be one of a number of integers ($$c$$ = 40 minus whatever $$p$$ is).

(1) and (2) together are sufficient because:
(1) $$p <= 13.33$$
(2) $$p > 12$$
Therefore:
$$12 < p <= 13.33$$
$$p$$ must equal 13 since 13 is the only integer that is greater than 12 and less than or equal to 13.33.
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 06:01
HI all
I am facing little difficulty in interpretation of the question, My specifc doubts are:-
1. Here either or means C+p = 40 , since a pig cannot be a cow at the same time. What if the question had a scenario, where a case of both was possible.....should we consider c+p- both = 40 in that case. I am haveing a doubt with either or statement
2. In case of question stating "What was the number of cows", what should we infer that it requires number of only cow ie cow - both or only cow + both, i am facing difficulty......
3."I. The farm has more than twice as many cows as it has pigs "
Can we interpret this as 'For every pig there were more than twice cow" ie c/p>2/1

Pls help me in clearing my doubts...

Regards
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2013, 23:05
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
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This post was
BOOKMARKED
Archit143 wrote:
HI all
I am facing little difficulty in interpretation of the question, My specifc doubts are:-
1. Here either or means C+p = 40 , since a pig cannot be a cow at the same time. What if the question had a scenario, where a case of both was possible.....should we consider c+p- both = 40 in that case. I am haveing a doubt with either or statement
2. In case of question stating "What was the number of cows", what should we infer that it requires number of only cow ie cow - both or only cow + both, i am facing difficulty......
3."I. The farm has more than twice as many cows as it has pigs "
Can we interpret this as 'For every pig there were more than twice cow" ie c/p>2/1

Pls help me in clearing my doubts...

Regards
Archit

Responding to a pm:

Either A or B means either A or B or both. If they mean to say that both should not be included then they will say 'Either A or B but not both'

What is the number of A? implies all A (including those who can be B too)
What is the number of only A ? implies those A who are B too are not to be counted.

3."I. The farm has more than twice as many cows as it has pigs "
Can we interpret this as 'For every pig there were more than twice cow" ie c/p>2/1

Yes, that's correct.
You can write it as c/p > 2 or as c > 2p (same thing)
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Joined: 04 Oct 2013 Posts: 91 Location: Brazil GMAT 1: 660 Q45 V35 GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V38 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 66 [0], given: 45 Re: cow and pig problem [#permalink] ### Show Tags 09 Nov 2013, 10:31 subhashghosh wrote: 40 = P + C C > 2P C > 2(40 - C) => 3C > 80 => C > 26 Not Sufficient 2) P > 12 Not sufficient (1) + (2) C> 26 and P > 12 So C = 27, P = 13 Answer - C Hi Guys, I thought this to be a very interesting approach - even better than picking numbers. But something is quite confusing when one tries to develop statement (1) and (2) together to find the solution. There isn't an algebraically proof? Is it pick numbers the only method? Here is my puzzle: - Statement (1): Not sufficient C > 26 - Statement (2): Not sufficient P > 12 Or, substituting variables: 40 - C >12 C < 38 - Statement (1) and (2) together: 26 < C < 38 ----> ??? Why is this not the right approach? Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 36590 Followers: 7090 Kudos [?]: 93330 [0], given: 10557 Re: cow and pig problem [#permalink] ### Show Tags 11 Nov 2013, 00:33 nechets wrote: subhashghosh wrote: 40 = P + C C > 2P C > 2(40 - C) => 3C > 80 => C > 26 Not Sufficient 2) P > 12 Not sufficient (1) + (2) C> 26 and P > 12 So C = 27, P = 13 Answer - C Hi Guys, I thought this to be a very interesting approach - even better than picking numbers. But something is quite confusing when one tries to develop statement (1) and (2) together to find the solution. There isn't an algebraically proof? Is it pick numbers the only method? Here is my puzzle: - Statement (1): Not sufficient C > 26 - Statement (2): Not sufficient P > 12 Or, substituting variables: 40 - C >12 C < 38 - Statement (1) and (2) together: 26 < C < 38 ----> ??? Why is this not the right approach? From $$40 - c > 12$$ you get $$c < 28$$ not $$c < 38$$. Thus when we combine we get $$26<c<28$$ --> $$c=27$$. Hope it helps. _________________ Senior Manager Joined: 10 Mar 2013 Posts: 290 GMAT 1: 620 Q44 V31 GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37 GMAT 3: 610 Q47 V28 GMAT 4: 700 Q50 V34 GMAT 5: 700 Q49 V36 GMAT 6: 690 Q48 V35 GMAT 7: 750 Q49 V42 GMAT 8: 730 Q50 V39 Followers: 11 Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 2405 Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink] ### Show Tags 19 Mar 2014, 19:33 Could we add across inequalities as I did below? If not, when is it allowed to add across inequalities? (1) c > 2p NS (2) p > 12 NS (1) + (2) c + p > 2p + 12 40 > 2p + 12 2p < 28 p < 14 Because (2) gives p > 12, with the above statement, p = 13 and we can solve for c. S Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7125 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2137 Kudos [?]: 13677 [1] , given: 222 Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink] ### Show Tags 19 Mar 2014, 20:34 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post 1 This post was BOOKMARKED TooLong150 wrote: Could we add across inequalities as I did below? If not, when is it allowed to add across inequalities? (1) c > 2p NS (2) p > 12 NS (1) + (2) c + p > 2p + 12 40 > 2p + 12 2p < 28 p < 14 Because (2) gives p > 12, with the above statement, p = 13 and we can solve for c. S You can add inequalities as long as both the inequalities have the same sign. a > b c > d gives a+c > b + d Think logically: a is greater than b and c is greater than d so a+c will be greater than b+d because you are adding the larger numbers together. So what you have done above is correct. If the inequality signs are different, you cannot add them. Also, you can subtract inequalities when they have opposite signs but prefer not to do that to avoid confusion. Just flip the sign of one inequality by multiplying it by -1 and then add them up. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2014, 02:00
TooLong150 wrote:
Could we add across inequalities as I did below? If not, when is it allowed to add across inequalities?
(1) c > 2p
NS

(2) p > 12
NS

(1) + (2)
c + p > 2p + 12
40 > 2p + 12
2p < 28
p < 14
Because (2) gives p > 12, with the above statement, p = 13 and we can solve for c.
S

Hope this helps.
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Re: Word problem from GMATPrep (2) [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 02:03
Bunuel wrote:
Syed wrote:
yangsta8 wrote:
Question stem says that 2/3 of 60 are pigs or cows.
That means 40 animals are pigs or cows.
So all we need to have sufficiency is either number of pigs or number of cows.

1) Farm has more than 2 cows for 1 pig (at least 26.6 animals of the 40 are cows).
This just tells us that the farm has at least 27 pigs and that the max number of cows is 13.
For example the farm could have 30 pigs and 10 cows.
Not a definitive number. Insufficient.

2) Farm has more than 12 pigs. Again not enough info. Insuff

1+2) Statements together tell us:
12 < number of pigs is <=13
Which means number pigs = 13
Number of cows = 27.

I do agree with 'yangsta8' that the answer is 'C' but (if I am NOT wrong), Stmnt#1 says the number of Cows are more than twice than the pigs. Thus, the cows could be 27 and Pigs could be 13; and For example, the farm could have 30 cows and 10 pigs.
-------------------------------
Hi Bunuel and Yangsta8 - Please correct me if I am wrong (which is very much possible)!

c+p=40

(1) c>2p --> min # of cows is 27 and max # pigs is 13, so there can be any combination not violating this and totaling 40. Not sufficient
(2) p>12 Not sufficient

(1)+(2) p>12 but max of p is 13, hence p=13 --> c=27

You are right there can be 27 cows (min) and 13 pigs (max) or 30 cows and 10 pigs.

Think there was simple typo from yangsta8.

Hi bunnel,

I need clarification here

2/3 are either pigs or cows

i am understanding (2/3)*60 = 40 (cows or pigs) how it can be c+p = 40 question is saying either cow or pig so this can be c or p but not C+P

Thanks.
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 02:43
Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either pigs or cows. How many of the animals are cows?

(1) The farm has more than twice as many cows as pigs

(2) The farm has more than 12 pigs

From question, it's given that

p+c = (2*60)/3 = 40

Statement 1

p>2c

c could 10, 8...
not sufficient

Statement 2

p>12
not sufficient

Combining both Statements
p>2c
and
p>12

We need to have at least 26 cows
And it's not possible.

Hence C.
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Re: Word problem from GMATPrep (2) [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 02:52
PathFinder007 wrote:
Hi bunnel,

I need clarification here

2/3 are either pigs or cows

i am understanding (2/3)*60 = 40 (cows or pigs) how it can be c+p = 40 question is saying either cow or pig so this can be c or p but not C+P

Thanks.

40 animals are either pigs or cows, so out of 40 animals some are pigs and the rest are cows: p+c=40. How else?
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Re: Word problem from GMATPrep (2) [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 19:29
PathFinder007 wrote:
2/3 are either pigs or cows

i am understanding (2/3)*60 = 40 (cows or pigs) how it can be c+p = 40 question is saying either cow or pig so this can be c or p but not C+P

Thanks.

If I may add, 40 are either pigs or cows does not mean that either all 40 are pigs or all 40 are cows. It means of all the 40, some are pigs and the rest are cows.

Say, if you say that 90% of the students are either from Michigan or Ohio, it means that the rest of the 10% are from other states but 90% belong to these two states. How many of the 90% are from Michigan and how many are from Ohio, we don't know but we know that together they account for 90% of the class.
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Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 09:25
What about the 20 extra animals ? Why can't they be cows or pigs as well within that set ? Nothing is mentioned about these 20 animals. We just know that 40 animals are either pigs or cows. Does anyone get my point ?

Having 13 pigs, 27 cows, and 20 other animals is a possiblity.

Having 14 pigs, 30 cows and 16 other animals is another possibility.

Following that logic, E is the right answer.
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 10:19
rbaudoin10 wrote:
What about the 20 extra animals ? Why can't they be cows or pigs as well within that set ? Nothing is mentioned about these 20 animals. We just know that 40 animals are either pigs or cows. Does anyone get my point ?

Having 13 pigs, 27 cows, and 20 other animals is a possiblity.

Having 14 pigs, 30 cows and 16 other animals is another possibility.

Following that logic, E is the right answer.

Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 40 are either pigs or cows means that from the remaining 20 animals neither is either pig or cow.
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Re: Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either cows or   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2014, 10:19

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