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Of those persons who became teachers in 1968 and who later [#permalink]
16 Nov 2006, 16:08
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Of those persons who became teachers in 1968 and who later left the profession, 30 percent today earn salaries above $35,000 a year: of those who became teachers in 1968 and have remained in the profession, only 15 percent today earn salaries above $35,000 a year. These figures indicate how underpaid teachers are today.
The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions about the persons for whom statistics are cited?
(A) At least one-third of the group of persons who have remained in teaching would today be earning more than $35,000 a year if they had left teaching.
(B) The group of persons who left teaching and the group who did not are comparable in terms of factors that determine how much people outside the teaching profession are paid.
(C) Most of those persons who left teaching did so entirely because of the low salaries teachers earn.
(D) As a group, those persons who have remained in teaching are abler and more dedicated than the group of persons who left teaching.
(E) The group of persons who left teaching and who today earn more than $35,000 a year were more capable teachers than the group who remained in the profession.
Argument suggests: people who stayed in teaching profession earn on average much less than do people who moved out of teaching and pursured some other career.
B, the correct answer, says that both groups are comparable in terms of factors that determine their pays. If the group of people, who moved out of teaching profession, picked up some nische skills (such as programming, management etc) or higher degrees (Masters, PhDs) then these two groups are not comparable in skills or in their earnings. later group are paid more for better education or for more demanding skills. Therefore, argument and the statistics hold good as long as these two group of people have same skills, educational qualifications etc. _________________
"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."