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# Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and

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Director
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12 Sep 2006, 08:48
A and E go out of scope.

C seems right.
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12 Sep 2006, 09:42
jerrywu wrote:
Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and thus do not require surgery, are given follow-up x-ray because their orthopedists are concerned about possibly having misjudged the stability of the fracture. When a number of follow-up x-rays were reviewed, however, all the fractures that had initially been judged stable were found to have healed correctly. Therefore, it is a waste of money to order follow-up x-rays of ankle fracture initially judged stable.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A) Doctors who are general practitioners rather than orthopedists are less likely than orthopedists to judge the stability of an ankle fracture correctly.

Out of scope. Elimintate.
B) Many ankle injuries for which an initial x-ray is ordered are revealed by the x-ray not to involve any fracture of the ankle.

Don't care. Eliminate.
C) X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.

This tells us that the follow up xrays that were reviewed were not specific to one doctor but several different orthopedists. This further strengthens the claim. Keep.
D) The healing of ankle fractures that have been surgically repaired is always checked by means of a follow-up x-ray.

Not talking about surgically repaired fractures. Eliminate.

E) Orthopedists routinely order follow-up x-rays for fractures of bone other than ankle bones.
So? Don't care. Eliminate.

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13 Sep 2006, 09:18
Jerrywu,

What is the OA???
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'Hakuna matata'

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13 Sep 2006, 09:30
punnu_mba wrote:
Jerrywu,

What is the OA???

OA is (C)
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13 Sep 2006, 10:30
C) X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.

This plugs a hole in the argument; what if only the records of a single orthopedist or hospital were reviewed.
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13 Sep 2006, 18:25
Got it right 'C'
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13 Sep 2006, 21:35
Late but C.
sangarelli wrote:
Looks like we have a (E) here.

E says:
Orthopedists routinely order follow-up x-rays for fractures of bone other than ankle bones.

This is not related to 'ankle fractures that are initially judged stable'.

Our objects of interest are ankle fractures that are initially judged stable, NOT ankle fractures.

So that makes E out of scope.
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Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2006, 19:38
Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and thus do not require surgery, are given follow-up x-ray because their orthopedists are concerned about possibly having misjudged the stability of the fracture. When a number of follow-up x-rays were reviewed, however, all the fractures that had initially been judged stable were found to have healed correctly. Therefore, it is a waste of money to order follow-up x-rays of ankle fracture initially judged stable.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A) Doctors who are general practitioners rather than orthopedists are less likely than orthopedists to judge the stability of an ankle fracture correctly.
B) Many ankle injuries for which an initial x-ray is ordered are revealed by the x-ray not to involve any fracture of the ankle.
C) X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.
D) The healing of ankle fractures that have been surgically repaired is always checked by means of a follow-up x-ray.
E) Orthopedists routinely order follow-up x-rays for fractures of bone other than ankle bones.
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27 Dec 2006, 19:55
B....
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27 Dec 2006, 21:27
choice C

X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.

this suggests the x-rays were conducted on a widespread basis,thus helping the conclusion.

Himalayan wrote:
Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and thus do not require surgery, are given follow-up x-ray because their orthopedists are concerned about possibly having misjudged the stability of the fracture. When a number of follow-up x-rays were reviewed, however, all the fractures that had initially been judged stable were found to have healed correctly. Therefore, it is a waste of money to order follow-up x-rays of ankle fracture initially judged stable.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A) Doctors who are general practitioners rather than orthopedists are less likely than orthopedists to judge the stability of an ankle fracture correctly.
B) Many ankle injuries for which an initial x-ray is ordered are revealed by the x-ray not to involve any fracture of the ankle.
C) X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.
D) The healing of ankle fractures that have been surgically repaired is always checked by means of a follow-up x-ray.
E) Orthopedists routinely order follow-up x-rays for fractures of bone other than ankle bones.
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27 Dec 2006, 22:14
AK47 wrote:
choice C

X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.

this suggests the x-rays were conducted on a widespread basis,thus helping the conclusion.

Himalayan wrote:
Often patients with ankle fractures that are stable, and thus do not require surgery, are given follow-up x-ray because their orthopedists are concerned about possibly having misjudged the stability of the fracture. When a number of follow-up x-rays were reviewed, however, all the fractures that had initially been judged stable were found to have healed correctly. Therefore, it is a waste of money to order follow-up x-rays of ankle fracture initially judged stable.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A) Doctors who are general practitioners rather than orthopedists are less likely than orthopedists to judge the stability of an ankle fracture correctly.
B) Many ankle injuries for which an initial x-ray is ordered are revealed by the x-ray not to involve any fracture of the ankle.
C) X-rays of patients of many different orthopedists working in several hospitals were reviewed.
D) The healing of ankle fractures that have been surgically repaired is always checked by means of a follow-up x-ray.
E) Orthopedists routinely order follow-up x-rays for fractures of bone other than ankle bones.

I agree...as none of the other choices make sense...If anyone sees a spark in any of the other answers please post.
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27 Dec 2006, 23:02
C it is.

The sample is well represented
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27 Dec 2006, 23:14
I'd say C.

More reviews, stronger argument.
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28 Dec 2006, 06:49
THough C looks good to me, I'm slightly lean towards B.

Reason: B refers completely about the ankle fracture and that is the argument to strengthen here.
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28 Dec 2006, 07:19
C

B is explicitly mentioned in the para ... and C strengthens the argument by showing records of different orthopedist and hospitals .. all are revealing the same result
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28 Dec 2006, 08:19
C. Shows that the results of the study were a representative sample of ankle fractures.

B was a contender but it is referring to initial x-rays. We dont care about the initial x-ray, only about whether the follow up x-rays are necessary. I think choosing B would require a large stretch to make it relevent to the actual arg. therefore incorrect.

OA?
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28 Dec 2006, 14:42
Some how I lean towards B.

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28 Dec 2006, 15:41
it has to be C, The way to strengthen this argument is to strengthen the reliability of the evidence. If this is not included, it could have just been just one doctor at one hospital who misjudged all the diagnosis. Knowing there is a representative sample alleviates this problem.
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28 Dec 2006, 22:40
The answer I have is C, which I agree too, however it is not OA.
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29 Dec 2006, 06:34
I think its A
Because if orthopedists can judge the stability correctly then there is no point in doing X-ray many times.

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