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OG Q67 Sentence correction doubt

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Joined: 21 Dec 2013
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OG Q67 Sentence correction doubt [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2013, 07:36
As per the question 67 from OG,

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are
closely related to whales and infact include the
animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to
be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive
hunting pods.

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale,
growing as big as 30 feet long and

Please correct me if I'm wrong some where

Clauses
Cl1 32 species make up the dolphin family
Cl2 32 species that.... family are closely related(Verb1) to whales & in fact
include (Verb 2) the animal know as the killer whale,

Now we know that for the Verb-ing modifier
S V Object , -ing
-ing modifies whole preceding clause (DESCRIBE/RESULT) and not the preceding noun or the subject

As per the explaination in the OG for choice B
"Changing the verb to the participial growing
introduces ambiguity, because it could refer
backto the subject of the sentence
{32
species)."

1) Please help to clarify how can -ing modify(thus create amiguity) the subject and not the whole clause

2) For choice B
CL2 : 32 species <are closely related ...> & <include .....whale>,

mod1 <growing upto 30 feet> :

If we consider only this mod. would it be correct to say that it(such an -ing modifier) can meaningfully describe about the CL2 as a whole ?
would it any sense here

Because it becomes confusing in few questions in which -ing is used to modify the preceding clause (whereas it made more sense to modify preceding noun by using relative pronoun)
(i.e can such cases of modifier be considered as a DESCRIPTION of the preceding clause)

(if possible Please explain with an example for this doubt )
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Re: OG Q67 Sentence correction doubt [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2013, 07:43
Expert's post
Please follow the forum rules for posting in verbal section

Post the question with the answer choices in its entirely

Undeline always the question

The title of the post must be the first sentence of the question to make the seach on the board easily

the post is locked
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Re: OG Q67 Sentence correction doubt   [#permalink] 21 Dec 2013, 07:43
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