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OG Verbal Review -2 SC-7

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OG Verbal Review -2 SC-7 [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2013, 17:16
Dear Mike,

From the earliest days of the tribe, kinship determined the way in which the Ojibwa society organized its
labor, provided access to its resources, and defined rights and obligations involved in the distribution and
consumption of those resources.

(A) and defined rights and obligations involved in the distribution and consumption of those resources
(8) defining rights and obligations involved in their distribution and consumption
(C) and defined rights and obligations as they were involved in its distribution and consumption
(D) whose rights and obligations were defined in their distribution and consumption
(E) the distribution and consumption of them defined by right sand obligations

Please help me to understand the structure of this sentence

1. Subject: Kinship
Verb: determined

2.Subject: Ojibwa society
Verb: Organized , provided , defined

3. Participle: Involved

3. What is the antecedence of those? I cannot find any plural noun in the sentence.
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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: OG Verbal Review -2 SC-7 [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2013, 17:06
Expert's post
dbcjr66 wrote:
Dear Mike,
From the earliest days of the tribe, kinship determined the way in which the Ojibwa society organized its labor, provided access to its resources, and defined rights and obligations involved in the distribution and consumption of those resources.

(A) and defined rights and obligations involved in the distribution and consumption of those resources
(B) defining rights and obligations involved in their distribution and consumption
(C) and defined rights and obligations as they were involved in its distribution and consumption
(D) whose rights and obligations were defined in their distribution and consumption
(E) the distribution and consumption of them defined by right sand obligations

Please help me to understand the structure of this sentence

Dear dbcjr66,
I'm happy to help. :-)

1. Subject: Kinship
Verb: determined

Correct! This is the main subject and verb of the whole sentence.

2.Subject: Ojibwa society
Verb: Organized , provided , defined

Correct! This is the S & V inside the subordinate clause beginning with "which." Three verbs correctly in parallel.

3. Participle: Involved
Correct! The participial phrase "involved in the distribution and consumption of those resources" is noun-modifier, an adjectival phrase, modifying the nouns "defined rights and obligations."

4. What is the antecedence of "those"? I cannot find any plural noun in the sentence.
Keep in mind that the words "this" and "that" and "these" and "those" have more than one role. They can act as demonstrative pronouns, which means they would stand in place of a noun and would have to have a clear antecedent; or, they can act as demonstrative noun-modifiers, simply modifying a noun. In the phrase "these resources", the word "these" is a noun-modifier, modifying the noun it touches, "resources", and it's plural because the noun is plural. The phrase, "these resources", refers back to the "resources" mentioned earlier in the sentence.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Re: OG Verbal Review -2 SC-7   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2013, 17:06
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