Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 24 Oct 2014, 13:34

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2011
Posts: 197
Schools: ABCD
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 78

OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 15:58
OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that "some observers have attributed dramatic growth in XYZ to increased participation in workforce by certain groups, WHO prefer such arrangements.) {passage uses non-restrictive modifier} However, the correct answer in #54, uses a restrictive modifier "without" a comma. "...a fewer workers who preferred temporary employment...." In your opinion, is it a fair statement that the great GMAT Gods have confused a relative modifier with a non-relative modifier. Please let me know your thoughts. Appreciate your help.
Kaplan GMAT Prep Discount CodesKnewton GMAT Discount CodesGMAT Pill GMAT Discount Codes
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 2142
Followers: 539

Kudos [?]: 2280 [1] , given: 31

Re: OG RC [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 10:29
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
voodoochild wrote:
OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that "some observers have attributed dramatic growth in XYZ to increased participation in workforce by certain groups, WHO prefer such arrangements.) {passage uses non-restrictive modifier} However, the correct answer in #54, uses a restrictive modifier "without" a comma. "...a fewer workers who preferred temporary employment...." In your opinion, is it a fair statement that the great GMAT Gods have confused a relative modifier with a non-relative modifier. Please let me know your thoughts. Appreciate your help.

Voodoo
Be careful. The exact text of the first sentence is:

Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in temporary employment that occurred in the US during the 1980s to the increased participation in the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or reentering workers, who supposedly preferred such arrangements.

The commas are there primarily to offset the example phrase "such as first-time or reentering workers". Since the commas are there for another reason, it's hard to tell simply from the punctuation --- is the modifier "who supposedly preferred such arrangements" vital or non-vital, that is, restrictive or descriptive? Often, punctuation alone is often not enough to tell, because other things, like example phrases, have their own punctuation requirements. You always have to consider both the logic of the sentence and the logic of the passage overall.

Well, drop the example part and drop the modifier -----
"...to the increased participation in the workforce by certain groups."
Do we have any idea who these "certain groups" are? Does this noun add to the logic of the sentence? NO! If the noun's identity or logical role in the sentence is unclear without the modifier, that's a sure sign the modifier is a vital modifier.

Now, leave the example out, but add the modifier as a vital, restrictive modifier.
"...to the increased participation in the workforce by certain groups who supposedly preferred such arrangements."
OK, now that group is identified and their logical role in the sentence is quite clear.

Let's back up to the larger view of the passage overall. The opening phrase "Some observers have attributed..." is a HUGE hint --- that's the author's way of saying: "I'm about to state a view with which I entirely disagree, for the purposes of shooting it down." The author of the passage clearly feels that the inordinate number of temporary work positions is unfair and constitutes employers' taking advantage of workers. People are stuck in temporary jobs they don't want -- they want permanent jobs, but can't get them. :-( This opening sentence, in which the author quotes the idea with which she disagrees, is going to be a strong contrast to this point. Essentially, the observers in the first sentence are saying: "so many people have temporary jobs because all those people want temporary jobs." Thus, in the large logic of the passage overall, the idea of "wanting temporary jobs", or as the passage states is, "who supposedly preferred such arrangements", is not a decorative phrase that could be easily dropped --- rather, it is part and parcel of the larger argument the passage is making. That modifier contains another hint word, "supposedly", which convey the fact that the author strongly disagrees with this entire claim --- another indication that the modifier is part of the logical apparatus of the argument overall, not merely decorative.

Thus, the phrase in the passage is restrictive, is vital, and the GMAT gods are 100% justified in interpreting it that way in question #54.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2011
Posts: 197
Schools: ABCD
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 78

Re: OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 15:33
Mike - You are the best! Thanks for your help... Good luck with your exam. Please share your experience....
Re: OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2012, 15:33
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic OG12Q2 WaterFlowsUp 6 12 Sep 2013, 21:42
OG12- Q: 21, can we skip additional info PiyuMu 0 06 Sep 2013, 06:01
OG12- Q:45 PiyuMu 0 06 Sep 2013, 06:35
OG 12- Q:2 can we use may instead of might? PiyuMu 0 06 Sep 2013, 05:33
Last four passages of OG12 techyrajeev 0 05 Jul 2012, 22:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by

OG12. Q# 54. If we examine closely, the passage states that

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.