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OG12 Q68

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Manager
Manager
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Joined: 07 Apr 2012
Posts: 127
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations
Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 590 Q48 V23
GPA: 3.9
WE: Operations (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 45

OG12 Q68 [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2013, 22:23
Hi experts,

Can you elucidate as to why we cannot go ahead with a all passive form of verbs.
- that were cut <-> the first trenches(Subject)
- that were arising.<-> societies(Subject)
For me intended meaning states that societies were rising. Please opine.
Thanks,
Abhinav
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Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1754
Followers: 1189

Kudos [?]: 3175 [0], given: 178

Re: OG12 Q68, "The first trenches that were cut into..." [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2013, 10:02
Expert's post
Hi Abhinav,

Before I answer your query, here's the question for the benefit of other readers:

The first trenches that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria. have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern
regions of the Middle East that were arising simultaneously with but independently of the more celebrated city-states of southern Mesopotamia, in what is now southern Iraq.
(A) that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East that were arising simultaneously with but
(B) that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, yields strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East were arising simultaneously with but also
(C) having been cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East were arising simultaneously but
(D) cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, yields strong evidence of centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East arising simultaneously but also
(E) cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East arose simultaneously with but

Regarding your query, these two verbs have been eliminated from the right choice for different reasons. In the first case, the use of the verb is not wrong, but it’s wordy. So it makes more sense to say ‘trenches cut’ than ‘trenches that were cut’.

In the second case, the –ing form indicates an ongoing action. Therefore, ‘arose’ is better than ‘were arising’ since the intended meaning indicates that the societies arose in the past.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubts! :-)

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: OG12 Q68, "The first trenches that were cut into..."   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2013, 10:02
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OG12 Q68

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