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Oil analysis predict that if the price of oil fails by half,

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Oil analysis predict that if the price of oil fails by half, [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 11:18
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E

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3. Oil analysis predict that if the price of oil fails by half, the consumer's purchase price for gasoline made from this oil will also fall by half.

Which one of the following, If true, would cast the most serious doubt on the prediction made by the oil analysts?

(A) Improved automobile technology and new kinds of fuel for cars have enabled some drivers to use less gasoline.

(B) Gasoline manufacturers will not expand their profit margins.

(C) There are many different gasoline companies that compete with each other to provide the most attractive price to consumers.

(D) Studies in several countries show that the amount of gasoline purchased by consumers initially rises after the price of gasoline has fallen.

(E) Refining costs, distribution costs, and taxes, none of which varies significantly with oil prices. constitute a large portion of the prices of gasoline.

Please explain
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 11:24
E would be my choice - states that gasoline prices are not diectly proportional to oil prices and that there are several other costs besides the oil price factor.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 17:46
E with the crowd
In a simple scenario, if oil price is 10$ and taxes are at 5$, consumer will pay 15$
If oil price drops to 5$ but taxes remain at 5$, then consumer pays 10$ which is not half of 15$
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2004, 18:17
Why not (B). If the company expands its profit margin, then consumer wil pay more even if the oil prices drop.

In (E), even though the manufacturing cost varies with oil prices, it is still subjected to the assumption that the oil company does not want to expand its profit.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2004, 08:32
E.

B actually strengthens the argument. If the manufacturers do not expand profit and keep the same profit margin then we can reasonably conclude that the gasoline price will fall with oil prices

Actually B says that "will not expand". I think, ywilfred you read it otherwise.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2004, 08:34
Lets go with some numbers here

Assume price of gasoline = price of oil + taxes/other costs + profit margins. Let me put some numbers here...

so we have 100 = 50 + 25 + 25 - Margin is 50%(25 = 50% of 50)

New No.s as per B would be = 25+ 12.5 + 12.5 = 50 (12.5= 50% of 25 )

New No.s as per E would be = 25 + 25 + 12.5 = 62.5

Hence E.
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Re: [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2013, 03:38
ywilfred wrote:
Why not (B). If the company expands its profit margin, then consumer wil pay more even if the oil prices drop.

In (E), even though the manufacturing cost varies with oil prices, it is still subjected to the assumption that the oil company does not want to expand its profit.



Hey,

I will give it a try. Might be a stupid argument but still :lol:

Consumers purchase gasoline from companies and not from manufacturers right. So what the manufacturer does would probably not affect the consumer purchase price of gasoline.

:-D
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Re: Oil analysis predict that if the price of oil fails by half, [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2013, 06:43
IMO E
what is the correct answer?
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Re: Oil analysis predict that if the price of oil fails by half,   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2013, 06:43
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