On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun

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On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 06:13
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On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field.

(A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
(B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
(C) charged particles tend to be deflected as they come from the Sun toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
(D) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect charged particles that come from the Sun toward the North and South poles
(E) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect toward the North and South poles charged particles coming from the Sun

I was stuck between A & B..

What is the difference between "coming from the Sun" and "that come from the Sun"?

I'll post up the OA shortly
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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06 Mar 2009, 06:24
cici wrote:
On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun
tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the
Earth's magnetic field
.

A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

C) charged particles tend to be deflected as they come from the Sun toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

D) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect charged particles that come from the Sun toward the North and South poles

E) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect toward the North and South poles charged particles coming from the Sun

I was stuck between A & B..

What is the difference between "coming from the Sun" and "that come from the Sun"?

I'll post up the OA shortly

I guess I will choose A over B.
In B that come from the Sun modified particles. The meaning would be only those particles come from the Sun tend to be deflected.
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06 Mar 2009, 07:56
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Both a and b seem right to me. I'll go with b.

Need someone who can explain.
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06 Mar 2009, 08:54
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i thought "coming" in A sounded awkward, so I'll go with B.
What's OA?
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06 Mar 2009, 09:53
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IMO A is more crisp
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06 Mar 2009, 10:34
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I will choose B over A. To me "coming" in A is redundant. "Charge particles from the Sun" should be sufficient.
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06 Mar 2009, 10:39
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scthakur wrote:
I will choose B over A. To me "coming" in A is redundant. "Charge particles from the Sun" should be sufficient.

Your reasoning is not convincing. Even in choice B it has the charged particles that come from the sun.
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06 Mar 2009, 10:55
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cici wrote:
On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun
tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the
Earth's magnetic field
.

A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

C) charged particles tend to be deflected as they come from the Sun toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

D) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect charged particles that come from the Sun toward the North and South poles

E) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect toward the North and South poles charged particles coming from the Sun

I was stuck between A & B..

What is the difference between "coming from the Sun" and "that come from the Sun"?

I'll post up the OA shortly

B sounds as if the charged particles come from many sources and only the ones that come from the sun get deflected. The original sentence didn't indicate this. So, I would choose A over B.
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06 Mar 2009, 13:45
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I'd go with A, just because of "nearing", just sounds more parallel to me really.
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06 Mar 2009, 14:08
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A.
Below I have copied relevant sections of A and B.

A. On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun
B. On nearing the Earth, charged particles that come from the Sun

1. Highlighted portions are modifiers of noun phrase - "charged particles"
2. In isolation, the whole noun phrase (incl blue bit) may mean the same thing
3. The difference between A and B is that the modifier "coming from the Sun" takes its action from "charged particles" - this is exactly what we need since "On nearing the Earth" implies that "charged particles" are in action at a certain point in time and we need a modifier that is consistent with the timing of this action. "that come from the Sun" in B, on the other hand, creates ambiguity as to the timing of "come" (can "nearing" and "coming" happen at different points in time?? No.)

Sorry if my explanation is not clear, but I feel the general concept itself is a complicated one.

cici wrote:
On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun
tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the
Earth's magnetic field
.

A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

C) charged particles tend to be deflected as they come from the Sun toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

D) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect charged particles that come from the Sun toward the North and South poles

E) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect toward the North and South poles charged particles coming from the Sun

I was stuck between A & B..

What is the difference between "coming from the Sun" and "that come from the Sun"?

I'll post up the OA shortly
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06 Mar 2009, 23:19
I think A is better than B. agree with the explanation given by botivroy
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08 Mar 2009, 00:02
Thank you for wonderful explanations!

Now I clearly see why A is better than B!

The OA is A
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08 Mar 2009, 19:58
botirvoy wrote:
Below I have copied relevant sections of A and B.

A. On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun
B. On nearing the Earth, charged particles that come from the Sun

1. Highlighted portions are modifiers of noun phrase - "charged particles"
2. In isolation, the whole noun phrase (incl blue bit) may mean the same thing
3. The difference between A and B is that the modifier "coming from the Sun" takes its action from "charged particles" - this is exactly what we need since "On nearing the Earth" implies that "charged particles" are in action at a certain point in time and we need a modifier that is consistent with the timing of this action. "that come from the Sun" in B, on the other hand, creates ambiguity as to the timing of "come" (can "nearing" and "coming" happen at different points in time?? No.)

Clear and crisp explanation. Thank you.
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10 Mar 2009, 12:14
[quote="botirvoy"

3. The difference between A and B is that the modifier "coming from the Sun" takes its action from "charged particles" - this is exactly what we need since "On nearing the Earth" implies that "charged particles" are in action at a certain point in time and we need a modifier that is consistent with the timing of this action. "that come from the Sun" in B, on the other hand, creates ambiguity as to the timing of "come" (can "nearing" and "coming" happen at different points in time?? No.)

Sorry if my explanation is not clear, but I feel the general concept itself is a complicated one.

[/quote]

Do you mind taking another stab?

I dont see how B is creating any ambiguity.

I felt that B is actually better because it uses that to clearly modify C P
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11 Mar 2009, 19:20
agree with A..

nearing .. means --> particles are coming....
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23 Dec 2009, 23:38
A is my choice because B is a non-redundant form of a.
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29 Dec 2010, 08:46
cici wrote:
On nearing the Earth, charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field.

(A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
-->coming from the sun matches more with "nearing". When something is coming it is nearing.
(B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
-->a close choice but "that come from the sun" is a little different from "coming from the sun"
(C) charged particles tend to be deflected as they come from the Sun toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
-->wordy and awkward, they properly modifies charged particles though
(D) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect charged particles that come from the Sun toward the North and South poles
-->charged particles should be near the coma because the phrase before the coma is not modifying the Earth's magnetic field
(E) the Earth's magnetic field tends to deflect toward the North and South poles charged particles coming from the Sun
-->eliminate, same reason for D

I was stuck between A & B..

What is the difference between "coming from the Sun" and "that come from the Sun"?

I'll post up the OA shortly

I guessed between A and B just because it sounded better. I did attempt to break it down after my answer though, but I don't think it is sufficient.
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29 Dec 2010, 09:32
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The problem with this question is that no other forum is carrying it. We are not able to know whether this is an OG or GPREP sample. While the OA is available, there is no OE to understand the thesis behind the right choice. Nor is there a definite precedence or concept of choosing a present participle over a relative pronoun, where the relative pronoun seems to clearly refer to the noun touching it.

IMO, where there is a directly related pronoun that solidly modifies a preceding noun, then choosing a present participle instead may not be that right. A present participle is resorted to in situations when the modifier is unable to modify the preceding noun and therefore is required to modify the entire phrase lying before. In the given case, choice A using the participle ‘coming’ can only play second fiddle to choice B . But this is just my feeling.
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29 Dec 2010, 22:36
(A) charged particles coming from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field
(B) charged particles that come from the Sun tend to be deflected toward the North and South poles by the Earth's magnetic field

I chose A over B because A makes it clear that the sun is actively emitting charged particles. Choice B can be interpreted as the charged particle deflecting itself towards the north and south poles [not possible].
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29 Dec 2010, 22:53
A is better option than others.
i ll go with A.
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Re: SC- charged particles   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2010, 22:53

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