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One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal

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Manager
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Status: need GMAT 700+
Joined: 02 Apr 2013
Posts: 58
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 10-04-2013
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
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Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 13

Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2013, 06:18
IMO D

u need to understand the difference between

'compare to' when comparing things which are not similar.
Eg: He compared her to a summer sun. (Comparison is between a person and the sun)

'compare with' when comparing similar things.
Eg: He compared the forged signature with the original one. (Comparison is between two signatures).


stolyar wrote:
One noted economist has made a comparison of the
Federal Reserve and an automobile as racing
through a tunnel, bouncing
first off one wall, then
the other; the car may get where it is going, but
people may be hurt in the process.

(A) made a comparison of the Federal Reserve and
an automobile as racing through a tunnel,
bouncing
(B) made a comparison between the Federal
Reserve and an automobile racing through
a tunnel, bouncing
(C) compared the Federal Reserve with an auto-
mobile as racing through a tunnel and which
bounced
(D) compared the Federal Reserve to an automobile
racing through a tunnel, bouncing
(E) compared the Federal Reserve with an auto-
mobile that races through a tunnel and it
bounces
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Joined: 29 Nov 2011
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Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 348

Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 23:16
In A , B and D "bouncing" after comma , gives us how aspect or the result of previous, illogically modifying economist. Economist cannot bounce.
In C and E, i found logical mistakes in each of them.
C and which is not correct.
In E only error is "and it" starting of new clause with FANBOYS. Anyway it cannot modify any other noun except "automobile ", still manageable. Expert can comment better
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2015, 01:57
Expert's post
sudhirmadaan wrote:
In A , B and D "bouncing" after comma , gives us how aspect or the result of previous, illogically modifying economist. Economist cannot bounce.
In C and E, i found logical mistakes in each of them.
C and which is not correct.
In E only error is "and it" starting of new clause with FANBOYS. Anyway it cannot modify any other noun except "automobile ", still manageable. Expert can comment better


Responding to a pm:

I do not understand what you mean by "In A , B and D "bouncing" after comma , gives us how aspect or the result of previous, illogically modifying economist. Economist cannot bounce."

The use of "bouncing" is absolutely correct. It starts a participle modifier at the end of the sentence which modifies the entire preceding clause.
"bouncing first off..." shows the similarity between Fed and racing automobile. This similarity is highlighted in the preceding clause. The modifier explains the similarity. - perfect!
In (A) and (B), "made a comparison" is the problem. The use of the verb "compared" is far more suitable and precise.

In (E), joining "racing through the tunnel" and "bouncing off one wall..." with 'and' is illogical. They need to be independent ideas to be connected with "and". But "bouncing..." is showing how the automobile is "racing...".
So even if we remove the word "it" in (E), (D) makes more sense than (E).

(D) is correct in every aspect.

As for "compared to" and "compared with" - GMAT does not ask you to decide based on this distinction alone. As said in many of our posts, idioms are usually smokescreens.
But still, the correct distinction between them is this:

"compared to" is used to show similarity between things. The reason it often joins dissimilar things is that we NEED to show similarity when it is not apparent.
"compared with" is used to show differences. The reason it often joins similar things is that we NEED to show differences when things seem similar.
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Re: One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2015, 01:57

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One noted economist has made a comparison of the Federal

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