Well, i got 6 correct in this passage. The ones which i got wrong are question 2,3, and 9.
2 - D (i kind of screwed up in here :D)
3 - D ( i think the ans is correct)
9 - D (i think the ans is correct here too)
....below are my explaination:
3. It can be inferred from the passage that aversion conditioning is based primarily on the principle that
(A) electric shock stimulates a response - irrelevant
(B) behavior that is punished will be avoided - now where in the passage is it written ? unless someone knows bout this aversion technique, how can you make out that it's based on this principle? coz in the passage, it's clearly mentioned that rats were trained to avoid electric shock.
(C) pain is a stronger stimulus than pleasure - irrelevant
(D) alcohol reduces fear - like i mentioned in the above option , i think this is correct
(E) behavior that is rewarded will be repeated - clearly wrong.
9. It can be inferred from the passage that the author views the learning and reinforcement theory of alcoholism as
Quoting the 2nd paragragh:
"The obvious troubles experienced by alcoholic persons appear to contradict the learning theory in the explanation of alcoholism"
now how can the learning theory be credible? kindly explain..
I agree with you on 3 and 9.
Its baffling how it can be credible.
Can someone explain how?