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# One of the more reliable methods of determining regional

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One of the more reliable methods of determining regional [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2005, 09:40
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One of the more reliable methods of determining regional climatic conditions in prehistoric periods is to examine plant pollen trapped in glacial ice during ancient times. By comparing such pollen samples with spores taken from modern vegetation, scientists can figure out approximately what the weather was like at the time of pollen deposition. Furthermore, by submitting the prehistoric samples to radiocarbon dating techniques, we can also determine when certain climatic conditions were prevalent in that portion of the globe.

Which one of the following may be inferred from the information in the passage?

(A) The earth has undergone several glacial periods.
(B) Radiocarbon dating can be corroborated by glacial evidence.
(C) Similarities between prehistoric and contemporary climates do not exist.
(D) Pollen deposition is a fairly continuous process.
(E) Certain floras are reliably associated with particular climatic conditions.
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21 Apr 2005, 10:16
my choice would be E.
If we can determine the climate from pollen, that means that specific kinds of pollen are associated with specific type of climates. Hence E.
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21 Apr 2005, 10:23
I will go with 'E'

'D' - pollen deposition does not have to be a continuous process because scientists are approximately finding out what the weather was like at the time of pollen deposition
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21 Apr 2005, 10:36
I believe (E) is a trap.

(E) would be top choice if it were worded as
there is at least (this serves as an assumption) one type of flora that can be associated with certain climatic conditions.

I like (D).

If there are abrupt changes in the pollen deposition then carbon dating wont give the time period correctly. So the assumption has to be that "pollen deposition is a continuous process"
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21 Apr 2005, 10:47
anandnk wrote:
I believe (E) is a trap.

(E) would be top choice if it were worded as
there is at least (this serves as an assumption) one type of flora that can be associated with certain climatic conditions.

I like (D).

If there are abrupt changes in the pollen deposition then carbon dating wont give the time period correctly. So the assumption has to be that "pollen deposition is a continuous process"

anand, Since the scientists are using a sample that is already found in the glaciers to determine climatic conditions, I do not follow why there has to be a continuous pollen deposition.
Am I missing something?
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21 Apr 2005, 10:56

anand, Since the scientists are using a sample that is already found in the glaciers to determine climatic conditions, I do not follow why there has to be a continuous pollen deposition.
Am I missing something?

My logic is the following.

Assume climatic period lasts for 100 years. Also assume that the pollen taken for carbon dating is 1000 thousand year old. If the polen deposition were not a continuos process and instead was abrupt then it is possible that all the pollen found for sampling might be at the end of that climatic period.
it is possible that the climatic condition existed 1100 thousand years back.

If the deposition happens anytime within the 100 years then the date could range from 900 thousand years to 1100 thousand years.

I hope it is clear now.
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21 Apr 2005, 10:57
Am I missing something?

you are correct and not missing anything.
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21 Apr 2005, 12:15
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21 Apr 2005, 12:22
anandnk wrote:

I guess it's a notorious one. Right?
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21 Apr 2005, 12:28
anandnk wrote:

oh anandnk, we both are on the same boat. i do not remember that i was correct on it.
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21 Apr 2005, 17:05
MA, looks like I am atleast consistent - not sure whether for the good or bad though, do you have the OA.
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21 Apr 2005, 18:59
MA, looks like I am atleast consistent - not sure whether for the good or bad though, do you have the OA.

thats true. do you still want me to post OA?
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22 Apr 2005, 17:25
MA wrote:
MA, looks like I am atleast consistent - not sure whether for the good or bad though, do you have the OA.
thats true. do you still want me to post OA?

Ok, OA is E.
[#permalink] 22 Apr 2005, 17:25
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# One of the more reliable methods of determining regional

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