One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 06 Dec 2016, 12:05

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1926
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 985 [0], given: 1

One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 02:29
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

76% (01:59) correct 24% (00:49) wrong based on 32 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed
_________________
If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2007
Posts: 450
Location: Earth
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 05:56
Boy this is ugly.

Is it B.

Rule - When a semicolon is used then both clauses should stand by themselves.

But I do see lot of close calls. Not sure if I got it.
Intern
Joined: 03 Apr 2008
Posts: 18
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 07:45
Is it D.....

Goes with the beginning of the sentence...

introduction........restored market equillibrium....
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1459
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 251 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 13:59
man, this one kick my butt, and I picked E.
I guessed.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 470
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 188 [0], given: 4

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 16:42
When so many answers are flying around (B,D,E), that indicates one hell of a question
Why not B?
_________________

-Underline your question. It takes only a few seconds!
-Search before you post.

SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2492
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 728 [0], given: 19

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2008, 22:15
sondenso wrote:
561.One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed

B should be it and the use of semi-colon (;) is required here to join 2 independent clauses.

(A) passive
(B) correct
(C) poor construction.
(D) changes the meaning.
(E) passive
_________________

Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html

GT

Current Student
Joined: 30 Jan 2008
Posts: 33
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2008, 23:22
Can you please elaborate on the answer choices. I picked E but B seems to be the OA
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1926
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 985 [0], given: 1

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2008, 23:30
Sorry, I forgot this. OA is B
_________________
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 87
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 21

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2011, 01:00
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
561.One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast cereals in the early 1900s as a result of the growing number of automobiles, which led to a decline in horse ownership and a subsequent grain glut; by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored.

(A) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, market equilibrium was restored
passive form so eliminated
(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium Correct
(C) by persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed, it restored market equilibrium
passive form so eliminated
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
The persuasion of people depicts the wrong meaning the sentence
(E) market equilibrium was restored when people were persuaded to eat former horse feed
weired sentence
Manager
Joined: 06 Oct 2009
Posts: 104
Location: Mexico
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GPA: 3.85
WE: Sales (Commercial Banking)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 125 [0], given: 4

Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Mar 2012, 14:34
Guys I still dont get it

To me sounds as if the main point of the sentence is to test the use of Complex Gerunds (The persuation) Vs Simple Gerunds (Persuading), but I still can't really spot the difference between both (in this case B and D). I agree that the first split comes after the semicolon requires an independent clause.

Now according to Manhattan GMAT, Simple gerund phrases are "Nouns on the outside, Verbs on the Inside" and Simple Gerund Phrases can be easily be made part of a working verb phrase (the verb that we will need for the independent clause after the semicolon) EG. Persuading people blah blah... I AM persuading people blah blah.

Now, to me D could work if instead of "restored market equilibrium." it stated "was what restored market equilibrium", refering to the persuation to bla bla..

(B) persuading people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium
(D) the persuasion of people to eat what had previously been horse feed restored market equilibrium

Regards
Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 174
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 24

Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Mar 2012, 14:58
Not convinced with the elimination of option E.
Intern
Joined: 13 Sep 2015
Posts: 18
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 6

Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2015, 14:02
my OA B
B seems true rather than other choices
Manager
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 63
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 31

Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2015, 20:59
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
B

Is option A grammatically wrong or we are eliminating it just because of passive construction?
_________________

I am not an expert, so please CORRECT me if I am wrong

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3541
Location: India
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1474

Kudos [?]: 11484 [0], given: 1857

Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2015, 21:33
This is NOT a good question. I suggest to skip this and move on

Here's a well reasoned post by Ron

Quote:
(b) is indicated as the correct answer, but it's definitely problematic -- you can't just use the gerund "persuading", in this sort of construction, without a subject.
for instance, you could say "persuading merchants to lower their prices gives John a feeling of accomplishment" -- in which we specify that John is the one doing the persuading -- but you can't just leave it headless, as is done in choice (b).

there are two ways in which you can write this sort of thing without the subject:

(1) you could write "the persuading of..."
--> this is one way to introduce gerunds without their subjects.
for instance, if you starting a sentence with Killing gang members is..., then you would have to include the subject/agent (whoever does the killing), BUT, if you started the sentence with The killing of gang members is..., then you would not have to include such an agent.
similarly,
persuading merchants to lower their prices is a standard component of shopping in colombia --> incorrect (in this construction you'd have to say who is doing the persuading)
the persuading of merchants to lower their prices is a standard component of shopping in colombia --> correct, though more than a bit awkward.

the problem with option (1) in the case above is that it would be horribly awkward.

(2) you could use the passive voice.

choice (e) does this.
in fact, choice (e) is perfect, if you just make one change -- take out "former horse feed" and replace it with "what had previously been horse feed", as in the other four choices.
(the current phrasing "former horse feed" suggests that people are eating food that was actually eaten by horses previously -- i.e., eating horse excrement.)

--

in any case, none of the choices to this problem is totally correct.
the only one of the five that is GRAMMATICALLY correct is (e), not (b).

_________________
Re: One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2015, 21:33
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
15 Economic theory fails to explain the extent to which 4 03 Dec 2014, 19:42
1 The Phlogiston theory attempted to explain combustion... 1 30 Dec 2013, 03:43
Explaining that one of its many difficulties had been the 0 05 Nov 2012, 01:18
Explaining that one of its many difficulties had been the 0 23 Aug 2012, 10:38
1 One pervasive theory explains the introduction of breakfast 2 18 Sep 2009, 13:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by