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One study found that although government policy and the

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One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2007, 07:05
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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact
B) decisions by management have a great impact
C) manager decisions impact greatly
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2011, 08:13
C doesn't show the possessive case properly. "Manager decisions" is wrong construction.
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2011, 08:21
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The important thing to note here is that the impact is as great if not more. This comparative aspect should be reflected in all the choices lest it should distort the meaning.

Choices BCDE flout this element by describing the impact as ‘great impact’ ‘impact greatly’ and ‘a greater impact’.

In addition, c is wrong also becos of missing the possessive marker apostrophe after manager
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2011, 13:29
there is 'although' in the non-underlined part. As a result this is comparison sentence. C doesn't show any comparison. Same thing with B and D.

E is wordy compared to A.

A introduces the comparison between 2 clause using 'atleast as'
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2011, 18:34
A.

Although....at least as great an....
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2011, 05:01
A) management decisions have at least as great an impact - CORRECT - although is the keyword, there needs to be a comparison of factors influencing company's performance
B) decisions by management have a great impact - INCORRECT - passive voice should be avoided
C) manager decisions impact greatly - INCORRECT "manager" as a modifier sounds incorrect grammar
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly - INCORRECT passive voice should be avoided
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact - INCORRECT unusual sentence construction
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2011, 11:59
Initially went for B, but after looking at the explanations (Comparison signal-Although and Passive voice used in B, and lack of possessive case in C), i am going with A
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Re: 700-800 question [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2011, 12:01
mandald- what is the source of this question and how did you know that this is a 700-800 question?

Thanks,
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2012, 05:06
C and D have misplaced modifier after comma. in B and E, Decision by Company/management is wordy. management decision is better in A.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2012, 05:46
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Meaning - A study concluded that although government policy and the industrial sector can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have almost similar weight-age.

Now we have to keep government policy, industrial sector and management decisions in PARALLEL. See the construction, all are of the form ADJ + NOUN.

A is correct for 2 reasons
- Above construction is present in option A only
- Only A uses comparison "as great an impact" - note that the roles of second as in "as great as" is played by government policy and the industrial sector can influence its productivity and financial strength
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One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2012, 09:52
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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

i dont know whats wrong with D
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Re: decision [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2012, 11:14
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alchemist009 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

i dont know whats wrong with D


WE can use meaning to eliminate answer choices here. The intended meaning is that "management decisions have at least the same impact as the Govt. policy/industrial sector or a greater impact". Basically impact from management decisions >= impact from Govt. policy


none of B,C or D indicate this, they all say decisions by management have a great impact, but non qualify it as atleast as great as the Govt policy.
E indicates management decisions > impact from Govt. policy [notice strictly greater than]

So E is also out. Pick A.
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Re: decision [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2012, 17:25
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gomennassai wrote:
alchemist009 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

i dont know whats wrong with D


WE can use meaning to eliminate answer choices here. The intended meaning is that "management decisions have at least the same impact as the Govt. policy/industrial sector or a greater impact". Basically impact from management decisions >= impact from Govt. policy


none of B,C or D indicate this, they all say decisions by management have a great impact, but non qualify it as atleast as great as the Govt policy.
E indicates management decisions > impact from Govt. policy [notice strictly greater than]

So E is also out. Pick A.



Gomennassai makes an excellent point about the intended meaning of this sentence. Whenever possible, though, I prefer to make eliminations based on grammar rules. Note the "split" at the end of each choice,

(A) impact
(B) impact
(C) greatly
(D) greatly
(E) impact

This might not appear to be a grammar-based split, until you observe what comes immediately after each underlined portion: the prepositional phrase "on a company's performance." This is a modifying phrase describing the noun "impact" and the rule here is that noun modifiers must be adjacent to the noun they are meant to modify. (C) and (D) are both out at this point – not only do the test writers separate "impact" from its modifying phrase, they actually use "impact" as a verb rather than a noun in these choices!

We don't think much about the prepositional phrases we use in everyday speech, but for GMAT SC you'll need to train yourself to always spot these.

Meaning is the best way to proceed at this point in the problem, but I wanted to point out the grammatical issue with (C) and (D) because a grammar-first focus on SC comes with a high payoff!

Hope that helps!

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One study found that although government policy and [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2012, 09:04
My question is should it not be As... As

The as.. as idiom is missing and A is correct hovv and vvhy?

Please explain anything vvith as must have as at the end of it

hovv is this right besides it only being correct in the structure


One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.


management decisions have at least as great an impact

decisions by management have a great impact

manager decisions impact greatly

decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

what a company’s management decides has a greater impact
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Re: As...as [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2012, 03:15
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underlining has been done; Now to the topic: If I have understood the issue raised here,

There isn’t a meaning change nor grammatical flaw in not using the second comparator -as- in this case, because of reasons of brevity. If you have to say as great an impact as, then you have to add another full clause, which will tend to be as follows.

management decisions have at least as great an impact as do government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates

This renders the choice unwieldy, while the elliptical version conveys the same meaning as effectively. In other words, meaning and concision prevail over mere structure of idiom in this case

There are simple cases, where the second as can be missed without losing grammar. For eg:

I am six-foot and my brother is as tall
My wife is a great singer and my cousin sings as nicely
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Re: As...as [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2012, 03:48
venmic wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.


A. management decisions have at least as great an impact

B. decisions by management have a great impact

C. manager decisions impact greatly

D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


The word although causes us to expect a contrast. B, C, and D do not provide the expected contrast. In fact, they don't draw any connection between the second clause and the first. It is also worth noting that C and D result in the phrase impact greatly on. As a verb, impact is not generally followed by on. As a noun, impact is often followed by on. Answer choices A, B, and E use impact as a noun and result in the appropriate usage (because on will be the very next word no matter what). However, B was already eliminated, so only A and E remain as viable options. Option choice E contains what a company's management decides, which is a wordier way of saying management decisions. Therefore, A is the best option.

It is not a rule that a comparison using as must use a second as, especially when although introduces a contrast. For example,
Although Jake set the school record in the 100-meter dash, I run twice as fast.
Adding as he or as he is to the end of the sentence would be redundant.
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One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 08:48
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact
B) decisions by management have a great impact
C) manager decisions impact greatly
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact
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Re: One study found that although government policy [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 09:12
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Tough question

mmmmmm we can start eliminating answer choices that are wrong, from wrong to right

B D and E are for sure wrong for the usage of by and E is wordy

A and C

C manager decisions (the decision takes by manager) impact should be impactS (here for me the meaning of one manager) but keep it for one moment and look at A

A talks about management and according to the meaning of the senrence has more logic. I'll go for A

Indeed A is correct ;)
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2012, 22:58
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this is of the form : Although X............., Y

First split :

1. Y ..........impact greatly on a performance.

2. Y........... has an impact on a peroformance

which one would u zone in on ----, Guess 2 : thus C&D eliminated.

Left with A / B / E : Now 2nd split


B : Decisions by management.......................... : we can rule this out with an iron fist ------ decisions of management wld have been more apt and not its BY cousin.

Left with A n E :

A : management decisions................................HAS/HAVE an impact

E : what a company's management..................HAS/HAVE an impact

thus it boils down to : management decisions VS what a company's mangement...........

guess now we can spot on A even if we forget all grammar rules.

Leading to A, my take.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2012, 05:44
Isn't there an idiomatic error in option A - "at least as great an impact"???
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2012, 08:25
Why is Choice C wrong

manager decisions impact greatly

Its not the manager but the decisions made by the manager that impacts the company greatly
Here the "decisions impact" seems correct.

Please explain
Re: One study found that although government policy and the   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2012, 08:25
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