Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages

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Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 10:07
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Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages are allowed to participate in school sports. Amy is captain of the school's tennis team, so she must have at least a 2.5 GPA.

Which of the following statements best summarizes the main point of the above argument?

A) Students who don't maintain a 2.5 GPA can't participate in sports.

B) Amy is a good tennis player.

C) The school should only require a minimum GPA of 2.0 to participate in sports.

D) Amy has earned at least the minimum GPA required to participate on a school sports team.

E) Amy wouldn't be captain of the tennis team if her GPA were lower.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Please explain , dont post just the answers...
If you have any questions
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 10:16
option D
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 11:37
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The first step for any main point question, CR or RC, is to identify the main point. You can identify a main point by fact that other sentences in the statement will support the main point.

The first sentence gives us the GPA requirement. The second sentence's statement that Amy is the tennis captain and therefore must have a 2.5 doesn't support the GPA requirement for participation. Rather the fact that Amy must have at least a 2.5 is a result of the GPA requirement in the first sentence.

As such, the main point will be the second sentence. All we need now is a restatement of the second sentence.

A) Restates first sentence
B) Outside the scope of the question. Being the tennis captain may mean Amy is a good tennis player but, as Amy's skill is never mentioned in the question, this choice will be wrong.
C) Outside the scope. Lowering the GPA requirement is never mentioned in the question.
D) Summarizes the second sentence.
E) Leaves open multiple outcomes. We are never given the reason Amy was made captain in the question. All we know is that Amy's GPA is 2.5 or above. If her GPA is 2.6 and it falls to 2.5, then she is still eligible for the team and would not lose her position. If it is 2.5 and it falls to 2.49, then she would lose the position. Whenever there is multiple possibilities from an CR answer choice, the answer will almost always be wrong.

As a result, D is the correct answer. For CR questions, the idea to remember is that the answer will be reinforced within the question statement. Any answer choice that can't be tied back to information in the question statement will be wrong.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 20:14
Yes, D. And the explanation is good.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 20:40
IMO......D

Since it restates the conclusion of the passage.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 23:55
Yep D.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2009, 17:24
the original question can be written to be:

because school requires all sports players to have at least a 2.5 gpa, and because amy is on the tennis team, she must have a 2.5 gpa.

thus conclusion: she must have a 2.5 gpa. (aka D, she has earned the gpa required to .....)
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2009, 02:33
D is my answer!

Main point have to have fundamental of meaning that appears in argument so that

A) It restates that first premise
B) It don't tell Amy is good tennis player although Amy must be good.
C) Nothing to tell this point
D) ==> right point
E) it revert the main point
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2009, 01:28
thanks for you guys for the explanation...
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2009, 06:28
Classic example. A refresher for basic CR concepts
For main point questions repeat of premise is a wrong answer however repeat of conclusion is a valid answer.

From choices, A restates the premise and D restates major part of the conclusion. Hence D is correct.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2009, 19:32
Agree, back to basics. Sometimes CR questions get too twisted.
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Re: Student GPA [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 23:34
D it is
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20 Aug 2009, 12:24
I too go with option D
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2012, 13:05
conclusion: so she must have at least a 2.5 GPA.

therefore, D.
Amy has earned at least the minimum GPA required to participate on a school sports team.
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 02:30
closed down to D and E
E is incorrect because if we assume her GPA to be 3.0, then also she could have participated. On reducing her GPA by anything between 0.1 to 0.4, then also she could have participated. Hence Incorrect. Nice trap though.
Correct answer is D.
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 04:57
I still dint understood why 'E' is wrong
help please..
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 07:44
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WarriorGmat wrote:
I still dint understood why 'E' is wrong
help please..

Consider the following scenario:

The GPA of Amy is 4 and she is the captain
Now lets lower the GPA of Amy to 3.5

Still she has a GPA above the cut off, hence lowering the GPA does not have any effect on her being the captain until and uness her GPA does not go below 2.5

Hence we cannot conclude anything form this statement

Hope it helps!
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2013, 07:30
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
WarriorGmat wrote:
I still dint understood why 'E' is wrong
help please..

Consider the following scenario:

The GPA of Amy is 4 and she is the captain
Now lets lower the GPA of Amy to 3.5

Still she has a GPA above the cut off, hence lowering the GPA does not have any effect on her being the captain until and uness her GPA does not go below 2.5

Hence we cannot conclude anything form this statement

Hope it helps!

In 'A'

" Students who don't maintain a 2.5 GPA can't participate in sports."

I have negated above option because it is mentioned "sports" whereas argument talking about school sports..
is these correct reasoning to eliminate option 'A' ?
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2013, 10:12
WarriorGmat wrote:

In 'A'

" Students who don't maintain a 2.5 GPA can't participate in sports."

I have negated above option because it is mentioned "sports" whereas argument talking about school sports..
is these correct reasoning to eliminate option 'A' ?

Ya thats perfectly correct ... the premise talks about school sports specifically, whereas A talks about sports as a whole ... nice reasoning ... kudos to you
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Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages [#permalink]

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22 May 2014, 06:21
Hello. I apologize for reopening this thread, but I dont see that anybody has taken into consideration the difference between 'earning a GPA' and 'maintaining a GPA'...Amy could have probably earned the min 2.5 GPA for one semester, but neither the premises nor the conclusion provide any information on whether she successfully could maintain that GPA....can anybody throw some light on this point?

Thanks.
Re: Only those students who maintain 2.5 grade point averages   [#permalink] 22 May 2014, 06:21

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