Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to

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05 May 2011, 07:01
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Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, turned into a dependent territory of Great Britain in 1842 and was transferred to China on July 1st, 1997.

(1) Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world,
(2) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, was originally a trading port that
(3) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of the most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that
(4) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that
(5) Originally a trading port estimated to be the fourth most densely-populated region in the world, Hong-Kong
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by gmatpapa on 10 May 2011, 05:13, edited 1 time in total.
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05 May 2011, 10:11
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Logically IMHO the best answer is "B" or (2).

(1) Original sentence. Too many commas, too confusing.
(3) Makes the sentence unnecessarily longer and is as unwieldy as the original.
(4) More wordy version of (2).
(5) Mixes up both concepts unnecessarily.

If there's any hole in my reasoning, I welcome comments. As I can benefit from it too.
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05 May 2011, 12:50
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IMO, it is A.

These are my reasons:

gmatpapa wrote:
Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, turned into a dependent territory of Great Britain in 1842 and was transferred to China on July 1st, 1997.

(1) Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, - CORRECT
(2) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, was originally a trading port that - Changes the meaning: Hong Kong was originally a trading port, just that! It was not ORIGINALLY a trading port THAT turned independente...and was transferered....
(3) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of the most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that - Modifies the meaning:The same as in B. Concision: "in the list of" is wordy.
(4) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that - The same as in B and C.
(5) Originally a trading port estimated to be the fourth most densely-populated region in the world, Hong-Kong - Modifies the meaning: Hong Kong was not ORIGINALLY estimated to be the fourth...

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05 May 2011, 19:29
2,3,4 keeps HK far from the clauses modifying it.
5 - currently is missing hence change in meaning.

A fits in.
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05 May 2011, 20:53
In my opinion it is B , Kindly post the OA without that discussion is meaningless.
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06 May 2011, 01:01
rachanamisra wrote:
In my opinion it is B , Kindly post the OA without that discussion is meaningless.

At times, posting OA biases reasoning. Let some more reasonings come our way, OA and OE both will follow
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07 May 2011, 03:44
Hmm... I find this difficult..

I was left with A and B in the end..

(A) HK turned into a dependent territorry AND was transferred...
(B) HK was originally a port that TURNED AND was transferred...

I would have preferred an answer choice with
HK WAS TURNED and WAS TRANSFERRED...

I will discount (A) this time... because I believe HK turned... is using action voice.. I believe is wrong...

So forced with (B) but not satisfied..

B is correct.
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09 May 2011, 11:34
would you mind revealing the source of questions ?
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09 May 2011, 13:42
I think it is time to post the OAs of your questions posted during those days.
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09 May 2011, 17:23
It's great that you keep us in suspense so that a healthy discussion is started regarding the answer. But to your point, now *this* is becoming counterproductive. Please post the OA so we know which train of thought is the right one. Thanks.
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10 May 2011, 05:12
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Ok guys, the OA is C. I know its gonna create some furore, so here's the OE:

C is slightly redundant (in the list of is unnecessary) but is the only grammatically correct answer choice (excluding answer choice (E), which changes the original meaning). This answer choice corrects the original Superlative mistake by adding the word "the" before the word "most" - "the most densely-populated" is the correct Superlative form.
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04 Aug 2011, 02:27
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A different stroke

The expression ‘the most’, a superlative degree is required to be identified by the definite article ‘the’. It has to be either 'the most or the fourth most' densely populated. Therefore, A, B and D can be dropped. Between C and E, E is totally off the mark in meaning as Metallicafan has pointed out; Hence C is the answer.
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04 Aug 2011, 08:07
But isn't C changing the meaning a bit as Metallicafan pointed out in B?
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29 Apr 2012, 05:50
Can someone give the correct reasoning for the right answer C.

Is "in the list" required???

Acc to me, the better usage is "fourth in the list of most densely-populated (E) is better than fourth most densely-populated region.

Learnings:

The word "fourth" requires an object( in the list).

He is the fourth in the list of the tallest person in the class. Is it right?
or
He is fourth tallest person in the class. - wrong usage (got to learn from the answer choice B- article "the" is missing before "fourth").

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29 Apr 2012, 23:44
agree with above that c changes meaning...where is this question from?
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30 Apr 2012, 08:59
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Hi All,

Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, turned into a dependent territory of Great Britain in 1842 and was transferred to China on July 1st, 1997.

This sentence is giving some information about Hong Kong. These information include:
1. Hong Kong is originally a trading port.
2. Currently it is estimated to be the fourth most densely-populated region in the world.
3. It turned into a dependent territory of Greta Britain in 1842.
4. It was transferred to China on July 1st, 1997.

On carefully reading this sentence, we notice that all information given about Honk Kong are independent. They are not related anyway except for the fact that all these information are about the same place Honk Kong. Since, choice A is incorrect for the reason already discussed in the thread, we need to find an answer choice that provides all these information.

Choice C: Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of the most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that
This is the correct answer choice and the explanation for the same has already been provided in previous discussions. This choice does not change the meaning of the sentence in any way. Except for choice E, all the answer choices convey the intended meaning.
Choice C presents all the information that we get from the original sentence. In this clause “that turned into dependent territory…”, “that” stands for “a trading port” and what is that trading port? Honk Kong is that trading port. So it’s telling the same thing in a different way. All the information remains the same. So there is no change in meaning in choice C.

Hope this helps.
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10 Jun 2012, 03:11
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gmatpapa wrote:
Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, turned into a dependent territory of Great Britain in 1842 and was transferred to China on July 1st, 1997.

(1) Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world,
(2) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated region in the world, was originally a trading port that
(3) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of the most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that
(4) Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth in the list of most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that
(5) Originally a trading port estimated to be the fourth most densely-populated region in the world, Hong-Kong

confused between B and C, and finally pick C. i have a wild question if B is written in the following manner would that be correct

"Hong-Kong, currently estimated to be fourth most densely-populated regions in the world, was originally a trading port that" region/regions what would be the correct form?
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11 Jun 2012, 06:07
Thanks for the question and great explanation...
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05 Aug 2012, 20:43
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Haha... I thought the "the" missing was a typo and went ahead with A. I didn't think a 700+ question would have such a blatant mistake.
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19 Aug 2012, 06:31
However, I still have a small doubt. I think the explanation implies that the "port" and the "territory or city" are the same. I thought that not all pieces of information are about the same object i.e. only the trading port part is (point 1 in your post) is about HK the "port" while rest three are about HK the "territory or city". Probably, they can be used interchangeably, I am not sure.

I might just be thinking too much.........................
Re: Originally a trading port, Hong-Kong, currently estimated to   [#permalink] 19 Aug 2012, 06:31

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