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Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at

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Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 02:55
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Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds

(B) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
(OA under spoiler after five answers)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by daagh on 22 Oct 2010, 03:34, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 03:20
I go with B.

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds

Antecedent of what was delivered is unclear. Art of experience was delivered as the first William James lecture.


(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

'Art of Experience' was John Dewey's major writing on aesthetics. Above statement does not clearly refer 'Art of experience' as John Dewey's major writing.

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

Use of tenses is not parallel. 'declared that....communed together...' are in the past tense while 'encounter reminds' is not.

B & D remain.


(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

'Such an expressive art' does not have a clear reference to a particular expressive art.

(B) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

Correct Answer.
All references are proper. All the tenses are in the present tense (declares, commune, reminds).

Had a tough time explaining this. Great question. Kudos.
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 04:15
A ==> Incorrect because of the usage of present tense 'declares' as this event happened in the past tense (1932)

B ==> CORRECT...Appropriate usage of tense

C ==> Incorrect because of the usage of 'Originally delivering'....

D ==> Incorrect...can rule this out only because of the 'such an expressive art' usage..Guys do let me know that apart from this error...the general usage of past tense is appropriate as it seems fine to me..

E ==> Incorrect usage of timeline???? something didne seem right with this choice though couldnt exactly pinpoint to one particular reason.
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 23:08
I choose D, interesting question
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 03:33
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There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 04:12
Wow.

I understand now why B is wrong.

Although, in C the statement does not clearly refer 'Art of experience' as John Dewey's major writing, its still the better option.
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 08:32
Would someone help me explain why present tense in the sentence is right, and past tense is wrong. :?:
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 15:44
At first I thought daagh made a typo missing a comma after aesthetics on question B, but if that's not the case, I choose C.
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 22:22
daagh wrote:
There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA


Good question and explanation daagh... +1
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2010, 00:54
Daagh, could you please explain why "declares" in C is still acceptable? Thanks.
(I thought it must be "declared" since the time adv at the beginning of the sentence. Anyway, only C has right subject that make sense with the verb "declare" - this makes it most reasonable choice.)

daagh wrote:
There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA
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Re: John Dewey [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2010, 01:16
+1 for C..

I see other answers use multiple tenses...delivered ...declares...
and also all other answers is not correctly modifies the sentence originally delivered ...John Dewey’s major writing
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Re: John Dewey   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2010, 01:16
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