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# Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at

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Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2010, 02:55
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Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds

(B) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
(OA under spoiler after five answers)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by daagh on 22 Oct 2010, 03:34, edited 3 times in total.
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21 Oct 2010, 03:20
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I go with B.

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds

Antecedent of what was delivered is unclear. Art of experience was delivered as the first William James lecture.

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

'Art of Experience' was John Dewey's major writing on aesthetics. Above statement does not clearly refer 'Art of experience' as John Dewey's major writing.

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

Use of tenses is not parallel. 'declared that....communed together...' are in the past tense while 'encounter reminds' is not.

B & D remain.

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

'Such an expressive art' does not have a clear reference to a particular expressive art.

(B) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds man and mankind of their responsibilities towards each other

All references are proper. All the tenses are in the present tense (declares, commune, reminds).

Had a tough time explaining this. Great question. Kudos.
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21 Oct 2010, 04:15
A ==> Incorrect because of the usage of present tense 'declares' as this event happened in the past tense (1932)

B ==> CORRECT...Appropriate usage of tense

C ==> Incorrect because of the usage of 'Originally delivering'....

D ==> Incorrect...can rule this out only because of the 'such an expressive art' usage..Guys do let me know that apart from this error...the general usage of past tense is appropriate as it seems fine to me..

E ==> Incorrect usage of timeline???? something didne seem right with this choice though couldnt exactly pinpoint to one particular reason.
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21 Oct 2010, 23:08
I choose D, interesting question
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22 Oct 2010, 03:33
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There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA
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22 Oct 2010, 04:12
Wow.

I understand now why B is wrong.

Although, in C the statement does not clearly refer 'Art of experience' as John Dewey's major writing, its still the better option.
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25 Oct 2010, 08:32
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Would someone help me explain why present tense in the sentence is right, and past tense is wrong.
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25 Oct 2010, 15:44
At first I thought daagh made a typo missing a comma after aesthetics on question B, but if that's not the case, I choose C.
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25 Oct 2010, 22:22
daagh wrote:
There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA

Good question and explanation daagh... +1
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31 Oct 2010, 00:54
Daagh, could you please explain why "declares" in C is still acceptable? Thanks.
(I thought it must be "declared" since the time adv at the beginning of the sentence. Anyway, only C has right subject that make sense with the verb "declare" - this makes it most reasonable choice.)

daagh wrote:
There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA
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01 Nov 2010, 01:16
+1 for C..

I see other answers use multiple tenses...delivered ...declares...
and also all other answers is not correctly modifies the sentence originally delivered ...John Dewey’s major writing
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2014, 05:52
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2015, 05:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 06:15
daagh wrote:
There is a small typo in the passage; it should read as the William James Lecture and not as William James Lecturer, wherever it appears. However this does not impact the passage.

First, let us look at the logic behind the syntax and the semantics. “Art as experience” is the name of a writing by John Dewey. We must remember that the book does not declare but through the writing, John declares that through an expressive art blah, blah …

Secondly the declaration remains valid even today and probably will also in the future and hence a simple present tense is required to describe the declaration

(A) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard, in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics, Art as Experience, declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds -
Originally delivered -- John Dewey – wrong modification

(B) originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Modification is ok, but that the writing declares is wrong

(C) Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience commune together, an encounter that reminds
Right Choice -

(D) Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, and John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through such an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminded
Wrong because the writing declared and also past tenses are used to describe declaration and reminding

(E) When it was originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932, Art as Experience, John Dewey’s major writing on aesthetics declared that through an expressive art, the artists and the audience communed together, an encounter that reminds
Wrong because the writing declared.

C is the OA

daagh

I have a doubt !!

Isn't it the case that ,the action that present participle modifier denotes and the action that the subject of the sentence denotes must be of same tense and must happen in the same time frame?

Originally delivering Art as Experience as the first William James Lecture at Harvard in 1932 - delivering happened in the past (in 1932)
and
John Dewey in his major writing on aesthetics declares - Declares in Present

They both are not coinciding in the same time frame.

I am a bit confused here.
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 16:55
tryambaks

Not so; when some eternal fact was said in the past, the fact remains everlasting; For example, Galileo said centuries ago that Earth orbits the Sun. Because earth’s orbiting the Sun is an eternal and universal fact. However, can we say, ‘Galileo says’? That would be wrong since Galileo is not there now to say it. In the given question, while the delivery might have been in the past, the author talks about an everlasting phenomenon. Therefore, that is acceptable.
Look at this: Winning their 30th match in Women’s Doubles at Sydney on Jan 15, Sania and Hingis have taken the No 1 spot in the world ranking.
Here, the winning happened in the past but the main clause is in the present perfect. So the verb tense is decided more by the context than by any thumb rule.
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 18:46
Why should declare be in the present tense? That is something William James did in the past.

What is it that I'm missing here?
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2016, 11:10
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manhasnoname wrote:
Why should declare be in the present tense? That is something William James did in the past.

What is it that I'm missing here?

http://www.grammaring.com/present-simpl ... press-past
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 03:30
The most important concept, and a rare one, eliminates 3 options, bringing the decision between A and C. A has blunders. C is the correct.

The important, rare concept: The dead and the non-living don't do what the living ones do. The thesis did not declare. The lecturer did.
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Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2016, 08:06
The original sentence quotes that John Dewey declares..X...Y...Z... and without changing the meaning of the original sentence "C" would be the right answer .
Other options conclude that the book declares..X...Y...Z... which will change the sense of the original sentence.
ITS THE PERSON WHO DECLARES AND NOT THE BOOK. So "C"
Re: Originally delivered as the first William James Lecture at   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2016, 08:06
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