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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals

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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2010, 19:11
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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A) surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B) surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C) surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D) surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E) surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
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Re: Surfing [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2010, 22:17
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This formidable looking exercise has to be dissected before sorting out.
First of all, the participial modifier has to refer to the sport and not sport’s appeal hence B and C are out.
Surfing appeals due to three diverse factors.

1. unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering
2. an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable,
3. the camaraderie that often develops among people

D is wrong because the two aspects enumerated by the second factor namely 1. 'graceful and serene' and 2. 'violent and formidable' are independent of each other but alternating. To say that gracefully and serenely violent and formidable is oxymoronic. Violent itself is unserene.

E falters in the very beginning by using a wrong pronoun ‘their’, alluding to the people rather than by using ‘its’ to refer to the sport

A avoids all these pitfalls and is the right answer.
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Re: Surfing [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2010, 15:51
I am confused by the use of "due to" in this sentence.
I always thought that "due to" is used as "caused by". According to this rule we have to choose "C" where "surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline"
In all other choices "due to" is not replacable by "caused by".
(I do understand, though, that the sentence is about "surfing", but not about "srfing's appeal")
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Re: Surfing [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2010, 08:07
+1 A 8-)
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Re: Surfing [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2010, 12:46
OA is indeed A.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2014, 02:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2014, 02:32
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