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# Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from

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Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 13:21
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Question Stats:

41% (01:25) correct 59% (00:46) wrong based on 54 sessions

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Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.
A) while in Germany it is just over 33%
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33%
C) whereas nuclear poweraccounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 13:35
This question has been posted before. I'll give you a hint, not always the longer answers are wrong. Also watch for faulty parallelisms, pronouns missing antecedents and changes in meaning for the wrong options here. I agree it's a brutal one but you should be able to eliminate the wrong ones based on the mistakes I listed above. Thoughts?
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 14:20
ariel wrote:
This question has been posted before. I'll give you a hint, not always the longer answers are wrong. Also watch for faulty parallelisms, pronouns missing antecedents and changes in meaning for the wrong options here. I agree it's a brutal one but you should be able to eliminate the wrong ones based on the mistakes I listed above. Thoughts?

Yes thats a great approach. Faulty parallelism is the trap here.
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 18:22
specifically for this question you need to look at whether the comparisons are parallel, that is whether the comparison makes sense
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 01:37
IMO : C

Indeed a challenging one when you are tired after the quant section on the D day..
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 06:43
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I agree with C. papillon86, what in particular are you struggling with in this question? Would it help if I went over all the options one by one?
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 11:21
Yes Ariel that would definitely help.

I'll make it easier for you.

I am particularly struggling with choice C & D here.
I could eliminate the rest of them.

Lately, i've been facing problems in identifying missing antecedents for pronouns too. Just not very confident about it.
Can we discuss your approach?

Thanks
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 12:19
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Sure, let's go over the options one by one.

A) Here 'it' is missing an antecedent, I'm sure you got this. 'It' logically should stand for something like the proportion of energy derived from nuclear power. We can't use the noun/phrase in the preceding clause because that refers to the energy produced in France.

B) This sentence is really bad - there is faulty parallelism ('compared to Germany' is not parallel to anything). Also the sentence says that Germany "uses" something, but France doesn't, again parallelism issues.

C) This option is correct

D) This option is ambiguous. A likely meaning for this sentence the way it's written is that there is energy we don't know where that comes from nuclear power in Germany. All this is telling us is that there's nuclear power in Germany that is used to produce some type of energy. What this sentence refers to by "the energy" could be any energy ANYWHERE. Note that the way this sentence is written doesn't necessarily mean that the energy is in Germany, which is what might be what's confusing you.

E) Again, "it" doesn't have a legitimate antecedent. Also there's another faulty comparison in this option. It's comparing percentage of energy to energy.

Hope this helps a bit.
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 13:02
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Just found this post interesting. I will try to reason why D is wrong.

D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany

It means that 33% of the energy produced in France comes from the nuclear power in Germany.

E.g I have a car; the car is red in color. "the car" refers to the same car in the previous sentence.

Now apply the same here -
"the" is determiner -> "the energy" about which we had spoken --> We had spoken about "the energy produced in France"

Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany

Gotcha ! Ohh so just over 33% the energy produced in France comes from nuclear power in Germany. That's crap.
D is OUT Change of Meaning

ariel wrote:
Sure, let's go over the options one by one.

A) Here 'it' is missing an antecedent, I'm sure you got this. 'It' logically should stand for something like the proportion of energy derived from nuclear power. We can't use the noun/phrase in the preceding clause because that refers to the energy produced in France.

B) This sentence is really bad - there is faulty parallelism ('compared to Germany' is not parallel to anything). Also the sentence says that Germany "uses" something, but France doesn't, again parallelism issues.

C) This option is correct

D) This option is ambiguous. A likely meaning for this sentence the way it's written is that there is energy we don't know where that comes from nuclear power in Germany. All this is telling us is that there's nuclear power in Germany that is used to produce some type of energy. What this sentence refers to by "the energy" could be any energy ANYWHERE. Note that the way this sentence is written doesn't necessarily mean that the energy is in Germany, which is what might be what's confusing you.

E) Again, "it" doesn't have a legitimate antecedent. Also there's another faulty comparison in this option. It's comparing percentage of energy to energy.

Hope this helps a bit.

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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2010, 10:55
Can we please discuss some examples involving multiple antecedents for projouns like "it".

Really confusing me now.

Thanks
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2010, 08:35
Hey nusmavrik, you explained option (D) really well. It is a very subtle thing to notice but a great question

I would appreciate if you can explain option C in the same simple way as you explained (D) because option (C) also has "the" before the word "energy". How can we justify "the energy" in option (C).

(C) whereas nuclear poweraccounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany

D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 03:09
papillon86 wrote:
Can we please discuss some examples involving multiple antecedents for projouns like "it".

Really confusing me now.

Thanks
papillon86 wrote:
Over 75% of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33%.
A) while in Germany it is just over 33%
B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33%
C) whereas nuclear poweraccounts for just over 33% of the energy produced in Germany
D) whereas just over 33% of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33%

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Hi papillon86,

The reason that you cannot use "it" is because you are not comparing something to itself.

A tip regarding comparisons!

To compare something to itself, use "it" or "they".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than they were yesterday.

To compare one thing to another, use "that" or "those".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than those of chair B.

Thus, in the problem above, you do not want to compare the amount of energy produced in France to itself. Instead, the sentence seeks to compare the percentage of energy produced by nuclear power in France to the percentage of energy produced by nuclear power in Germany.

Does that help at all?

Best,
Sarai
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Re: Wicked one!!!Give it a try   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2010, 03:09
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