What about "conveyed in radio... presented on television" in B?
I think it sounds more parallel than C.
And for Q1,
Sorry I wrongly underlined some part of the sentence,
so I repost Q1 as follows:
Popular child psychologists have advocated that parents discipline male children similarly to the fashion in which they discipline
(A) similarly to the fashion in which they discipline
(B) in the same manner that they would use with
(C) like they would handle
(D) as they discipline
(E) as they would