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Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many

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Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 01:30
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43. Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, favored due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

A due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are
B due to the reproduction or survival they enhance, but they are
C because they enhance reproduction or survival, but
D because they enhance reproduction or survival, but are
E because of enhancing reproduction or survival, but are
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Last edited by sondenso on 17 May 2008, 18:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 02:21
I am between D and E. For me, D looks better, but I cannot explain it.

Can somebody explain it? OA?
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 03:35
this ones been discussed a few times on here, and it boils down to C or D. Honestly, I went with D because it has the right idiom (not X but Y), and also maintains parallelism 'are ... are'
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 07:19
..many biological traits are not ... but are...
Left with D and E.
even though I find use of 'they' bit confusing in D but E is even worse. So, reluctantly, D.
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 07:39
Stuck between D & E. :?
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 08:41
Quote:
A due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are
B due to the reproduction or survival they enhance, but they are
C because they enhance reproduction or survival, but
D because they enhance reproduction or survival, but are
E because of enhancing reproduction or survival, but are


Eliminate A and B. Reason : Due to means caused by
Eliminate C . Reason : Try substituting it in the original sentence.
E is wrong because first ing is wordy. Also, if you observe closely, it modifies the original menaning.
Answer : D
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 17:21
farend wrote:
C. for ||ism - not X but Y


Farend, you and I are in the same boat!

zoltan wrote:
Can somebody explain it?


I am also looking for a thorough reasoning of D? I dont know why "are" at the final of D is neccesary? :help2
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 16 May 2008, 19:18
D for me too. Sondenso, a humble request to you. mate. Please do not delay posting teh OA as most of us are losing our hair waiting for you to post it. You know, it is really hard to wait once we made that selection. Having been a part of the genration that believes in instant gratification, I can't help but expect a quicker affirmation here. Can you help?
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 01:49
D for me too.

another humble request for Sodenso,

please put GMATPrep in the subject line if its a GMATPrep question. I realise you want healthy discussion of these questions, but I am sure you do not want to dilute your fellow clubber's gmatprep experience. Also most, if not all, GMATPrep questions are discussed several times over in this forum. A search would yield good hits if you were to look for explanations.

Kudos for being so enthusiastic however.

Last edited by buffdaddy on 17 May 2008, 02:00, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 01:59
buffdaddy wrote:
please put GMATPrep in the subject line if its a GMATPrep question


Ok, from now on, I will put GmatPrep as title!

OA is D
:lol:
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 02:01
sondenso wrote:
buffdaddy wrote:
please put GMATPrep in the subject line if its a GMATPrep question


Ok, from now on, I will put GmatPrep as title!

OA is D
:lol:


thanks mate :-D
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 02:07
buffdaddy wrote:
sondenso wrote:
buffdaddy wrote:
please put GMATPrep in the subject line if its a GMATPrep question


Ok, from now on, I will put GmatPrep as title!

OA is D
:lol:


thanks mate :-D


Honestly, I still not understand why D is correct? Give me a hand!
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 02:23
ok I will give it a shot at explaining.

According to the parallelism rule, yes the [are] is optional, BUT, sometimes it necessary.

This is one example where its necessary since there is a modifier that clouds the parallelism. Meaning the ", but simply random byproducts..." could be confused as a sub modifier of "survival" or the first modifying phrase.

So ", but are..." construction, removes this confusion by realining the focus of the sentence to the original stem of the sentence. i.e "... are not the products of natural selection, <modifier>, but are ..."
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Re: SC. Paleontologist [#permalink] New post 17 May 2008, 18:07
buffdaddy wrote:
ok I will give it a shot at explaining.

According to the parallelism rule, yes the [are] is optional, BUT, sometimes it necessary.

This is one example where its necessary since there is a modifier that clouds the parallelism. Meaning the ", but simply random byproducts..." could be confused as a sub modifier of "survival" or the first modifying phrase.

So ", but are..." construction, removes this confusion by realining the focus of the sentence to the original stem of the sentence. i.e "... are not the products of natural selection, <modifier>, but are ..."


Buffdady,

Let see the rule of parallelism: not X, but Y. So the sentence should be: not ARE X, but ARE Y.

The original violates that rule and say "are not X, but are Y" So confusing! Do you think so?
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Re: SC. Paleontologist   [#permalink] 17 May 2008, 18:07
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