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Pamela: Business has an interest in enabling employees to

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Pamela: Business has an interest in enabling employees to [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 04:19
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Pamela: Business has an interest in enabling employees to care for children, because those children will be the customers, employees, and managers of the future. Therefore, businesses should adopt policies, such as day-care benefits that facilitate parenting.

Lee: No individual company, though, will be patronized, staffed, and managed only by its own employees’ children, so it would not be to a company’s advantage to provide such benefits to employees’ children when other companies do not.

In which one of the following pairs consisting of argument and objection does the objection function most similarly to the way Lee’s objection functions in relation to Pamela’s argument?

(A) New roads will not serve to relieve this area’s traffic congestion, because new roads would encourage new construction and generate additional traffic.
Objection: Failure to build new roads would mean that traffic congestion would strangle the area even earlier.
(B) Humanity needs clean air to breathe, so each person should make an effort avoid polluting the air.
Objection: The air one person breathes is affected mainly by pollution caused by others, so it makes no sense to act alone to curb air pollution.
(C) Advertised discounts on products draw customers’ attention to the products, so advertised discounts benefit sales.
Objection: Customers already planning to purchase a product accelerate buying to take advantage of advertised discounts, and those subsequent sales suffer.
(D) If people always told lies, then no one would know what the truth was, so people should always tell the truth.
Objection: If people always told lies, then everyone would know that the truth was the opposite of what was said.
(E) Human social institutions have always changed. So even if we do not know what those changes will be, we do know that the social institutions of the future will differ from those of the past.
Objection: The existence of change in the past does not ensure that there will always be change in the future.

Explanation pls.
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Re: CR: Business Interest [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 05:42
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B is the best. one <---> many.
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Re: CR: Business Interest [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 06:07
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B...I think

The objection relates to the concept of moral delimma or the 'issue of commons'. the cost of acting is concentrated in the actor but the benefits are diffused throughout the society so why should I act. B is the only one that has the same issue.
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Re: CR: Business Interest [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 01:32
Will go with B

--

Objection in bold:

Lee: No individual company, though, will be patronized, staffed, and managed only by its own employees’ children, so it would not be to a company’s advantage to provide such benefits to employees’ children when other companies do not. - Company needs employees' children to flourish in future, so take care of those children now

(B) Humanity needs clean air to breathe, so each person should make an effort avoid polluting the air.
Objection: The air one person breathes is affected mainly by pollution caused by others, so it makes no sense to act alone to curb air pollution. - Humanity needs clean air, so individual should make en effort.
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Re: CR: Business Interest [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 07:12
clear B.

as any business major/banker would know :-D , the arguement talks about externalities and who should take the burden to shoulder the costs.
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Re: CR: Business Interest [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 21:16
The objection to Pamela’s argument by Lee is based on fact that it is not advantageous to provide benefits if other companies are not providing to its employees. That is, if collective effort is not performed, no point in doing this.

(A) New roads will not serve to relieve this area’s traffic congestion, because new roads would encourage new construction and generate additional traffic.
Objection: Failure to build new roads would mean that traffic congestion would strangle the area even earlier. [This is pointing to a cause and effect – eliminate it]

(B) Humanity needs clean air to breathe, so each person should make an effort avoid polluting the air.
Objection: The air one person breathes is affected mainly by pollution caused by others, so it makes no sense to act alone to curb air pollution. [This argument has collective effort – hold it]

(C) Advertised discounts on products draw customers’ attention to the products, so advertised discounts benefit sales.
Objection: Customers already planning to purchase a product accelerate buying to take advantage of advertised discounts, and those subsequent sales suffer.[This is cause and effect – eliminate it]

(D) If people always told lies, then no one would know what the truth was, so people should always tell the truth.
Objection: If people always told lies, then everyone would know that the truth was the opposite of what was said. [This has collective reference, but has no inference of many to one – eliminate it]

(E) Human social institutions have always changed. So even if we do not know what those changes will be, we do know that the social institutions of the future will differ from those of the past.
Objection: The existence of change in the past does not ensure that there will always be change in the future. [This takes about derivation – eliminate it]

Answer: B
Re: CR: Business Interest   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2008, 21:16
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