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Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_"

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Director
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Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_" [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 10:46
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.


(A)to survive

(B)of firms to survive

(C)for surviving

(D)for survival

(E) for firms' survival
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Re: From Paper test "expenditures required [u]to surviv [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 10:48
stoolfi wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.


(A)to survive

(B)of firms to survive

(C)for surviving

(D)for survival

(E) for firms' survival



Choose B.
require of sb to do sth
that's idiom express.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 10:57
will go for B too.

reference to "firms" later in the sentence requires "firm--as a subject" in the opening sentence. Thus ans should be B or E, but in E the subject is survival. ... that's the reason I vote for B..

any inputs? anybody? :?:
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 11:04
:eat
I'd choose C,
just sounds better than A or B. imo since <require> is in passive, it's better to use FOR as opposed to TO.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 11:09
dj is right, for the reasons he stated.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2003, 12:06
B

In the later part, it says, such firms...So subject should be plural. Thats why A, C & D are out.

idiom is "required of X to do Y. So E is out.
  [#permalink] 19 Nov 2003, 12:06
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Paper test "expenditures required _to survive_"

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