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Intern
Joined: 20 Jun 2013
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

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24 Oct 2013, 04:43
OG 77:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is
to process them quickly into juice concentrate before
they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate
before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice
concentrate before warmer weather returns to
rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice
concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer
weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice
concentrate before they rot when warmer
weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice
concentrate before warmer weather returns and
rots the fruit

The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1996
Followers: 2087

Kudos [?]: 7174 [0], given: 267

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25 Oct 2013, 05:32
dipeshsalvi wrote:
OG 77:
The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is
to process them quickly into juice concentrate before
they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate
before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice
concentrate before warmer weather returns to
rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice
concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer
weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice
concentrate before they rot when warmer
weather returns

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice
concentrate before warmer weather returns and
rots the fruit

The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh

Hi Dipesh,

Let us solve this question using the 3 step process.

Meaning: The sentence says that there is only one way for growers to salvage frozen citrus fruits and that way is to process the citrus fruits quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

Sentence Structure Analysis:

• The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate
o before they rot
 when warmer weather returns.

As you can see, the error in this sentence is the usage of plural pronouns “them” and “they”.

“citrus” is used generically here and is in singular form.

It is similar to the following sentence,

a. The only way to catch a lion is to lay a trap.

Even though the sentence talks about every lion, it still uses the singular noun “lion”.

Same is the case with the above official sentence. “Citrus” is used in singular form. Therefore the plural pronouns “them” and “they” are incorrect.

Option Choice Analysis:

Option A: Incorrect for the reasons we already discussed.

Option B: if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them.

Same pronoun errors as in Option A. Moreover, the usage of “if” is incorrect. If is used to introduce a condition which is not the case here.

Option C: for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns.

Same pronoun error. Plural pronoun “them” is used to refer to the singular noun “Citrus”.

Option D: if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

Again, plural pronoun “they” is used to refer to the singular noun “citrus”. Also the usage of conditional “if” is incorrect.

Option E: to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit.

This is the correct option. Observe how this option corrects the errors in the previous options without introducing any new errors.

Regarding your doubt on parallelism, please note that the entities in Option E are of the form “X is Y”.

In such a structure, X and Y need to be parallel.

Examples:

He is a soldier. (“He” – Singular Noun; “a soldier” – Singular Noun)
Murder is a Crime. (“Murder” – Singular Noun; “a Crime” – Singular Noun)

Similarly in Option E,

to salvage – to+Verb
to have – to+Verb

This maintains the parallelism.

Hope this helps!

Regards,
Krishna
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Joined: 24 Nov 2014
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30 Dec 2016, 05:07
dipeshsalvi wrote:
The OG answer suggest : Parallelism requires that the same word forms perform the same functions in the sentence. Here, the linking verb is requires two infi nitives: to salvage … to process (or to have … processed).

I don't understand this explanation as why both 'to salvage' and 'to process' needs to be parallel. How to identify such entities?

Thanks,
Dipesh

Notice that the truth is that all of the answer choices other than E contain clear errors that involve well known, basic concepts and meaning issues, and so actually you don't have to know how to identify the type of parallelism that appears in E.

In A, B, and C, the plural pronoun "they" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "citrus". D pairs "a way" with "if" to create "The only way is if ...", which conveys a nonsensical meaning, and D also has plural pronoun "they" referring to "fruit", which is apparently singular, as "fruit" uses singular verb "is".

That you don't have to identify the parallelism in order to find the correct answer is likely no accident, and the need for that type parallelism is not the point of the question.

GMAT Sentence Correction is not meant to be a test of knowledge of grammar rules. So, in most cases, getting the right answers to GMAT SC questions does not require knowledge of little known concepts. As is the case in this situation, using basic rules and concepts and seeing what makes sense and what does not make sense are much more important.
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Marty Murray
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m.w.murray@hotmail.com
http://infinitemindprep.com

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