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Parallelism & Verb Tense

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Parallelism & Verb Tense [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 03:53
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Hi, This is an OG question-

The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since.

My analysis:

The above sentence sounds correct, however I am trying to answer the parallelism requirement in my mind.

big bang theory holds that
the universe began in an explosive instant AND
(the universe) has been expanding ever since.
For idiom X and Y, X and Y need not be parallel to each other? If No, Can 2 parallel constructions be in 2 different tenses? (began & has been expanding, in this case)

What am I missing in this analysis? I look forward to your response.

Thanks!

Sreeram
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Re: Parallelism & Verb Tense [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 13:12
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In general you do not need both parts of the parallelism to be of the same tense. It is enough that both parts are actually conjugated verbs.

In this case, the universe is the subject to both conjugated verbs. You do not need to repeat the subject. You broke it down just fine.
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Re: Parallelism & Verb Tense [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2013, 08:01
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Hi Sreeram,

Thanks for posting your query here. :-)

It is absolutely okay for parallel verbs to be in different tenses. The only thing that matters is that the subject of both the verbs should be the same.

Remember that verb tenses show the time at which the action took place. It is possible that the same subject performs two actions that take place at different times. For example: Mary finished her finals yesterday and is graduating next week.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Parallelism & Verb Tense   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2013, 08:01
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