Participle Verify? : GMAT Verbal Section
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# Participle Verify?

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Eternal Intern
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15 Jul 2003, 10:08
27. A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided
new evidence supporting the theory of global forest
fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
contributed
to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other
creatures some 65 million years ago.

(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires
ignited by a meteorite impact that
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires
ignited by a meteorite impact
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires
that were ignited by a meteorite impact and
that
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires
were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact
that ignited global forest fires and
evidence is modified by ( supporting,etc.) The key to identifying participles is to locate subject and verb first.

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15 Jul 2003, 16:03
(B) sounds good
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15 Jul 2003, 16:27
B seems to be it.
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15 Jul 2003, 18:02
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15 Jul 2003, 19:10
I think "that" must come between the "impact" and "contributed" to connect the idea.

Can any grammar gurus help us !
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15 Jul 2003, 21:24
it is global forest fires that contributed
to the extinction, not a meteorite impact

Plus cause/effect meaning requires a participle

Thus, B
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16 Jul 2003, 16:31
What 'll be the answer if D is changed to "(D) in support of the theory which states that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact".

In this modified form, is D=B? If yes, which is preferred in GMAT?

Good effort,
Keep it up!
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16 Jul 2003, 16:31
What 'll be the answer if D is changed to "(D) in support of the theory which states that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact".

In this modified form, is D=B? If yes, which is preferred in GMAT?

Good effort,
Keep it up!
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16 Jul 2003, 21:56
tsg wrote:
What 'll be the answer if D is changed to "(D) in support of the theory which states that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact".

In this modified form, is D=B? If yes, which is preferred in GMAT?

Good effort,
Keep it up!

I think B would be superior to D, because cause/effect meaning requires a participle
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16 Jul 2003, 22:38
A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided
new evidence supporting the theory.

Really? What theory?

Oh. The theory THAT global forest
fires ignited by a meteorite impact contributed
to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other
creatures some 65 million years ago.

"That" is a relative pronoun which properly introduces a complete clause which in turn modifies the word "theory".

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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
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16 Jul 2003, 22:48
So B still would be OK?
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16 Jul 2003, 23:23
Yeah, D shifts the emphasis of what the important aspect of the theory is in addition to being wordy.
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AkamaiBrah
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17 Jul 2003, 16:39
Quote:
Yeah, D shifts the emphasis of what the important aspect of the theory is in addition to being wordy.

I agree to the part that D is wordy, but still could n't get how its shifting the important aspect of theory. Both in B & D, emphasis is on global fires responsible for extinct of.....

But when I re-read D, I found that 'which' after theory in D is ambiguous. Its not clear whether its referring to theory or to the evidence.Am I correct ?

The structure like the one in modified D always confused me.
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17 Jul 2003, 16:42
Quote:
The structure like the one in modified D always confused me.
. Oops, it should've been

The structure like the one in modified D has always confused me.
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17 Jul 2003, 17:19

The participle supporting is the key, an adjective.

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18 Jul 2003, 00:02
tsg wrote:
Quote:
Yeah, D shifts the emphasis of what the important aspect of the theory is in addition to being wordy.

I agree to the part that D is wordy, but still could n't get how its shifting the important aspect of theory. Both in B & D, emphasis is on global fires responsible for extinct of.....

But when I re-read D, I found that 'which' after theory in D is ambiguous. Its not clear whether its referring to theory or to the evidence.Am I correct ?

The structure like the one in modified D always confused me.

Example:

1) The scientists were excited by the discovery of data that finally supported their theory of the planets orbiting the sun that influence the orbital paths of objects as far away as the nearest galaxies.

2) The scientists were excited by the discovery of data that finally supported their theory that the planets orbit the sun and that they influence the orbital paths of objects as far away as the nearest galaxies.

Is the fact that the planets orbit the sun still a theory that needs support? Similarly, is the fact that the fires are caused by lightning still an important part of the theory, or is the theory focused upon fires and the lightning, and their contribution to the extinction of ...?
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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
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15 Aug 2006, 03:50
(B) takes the prize here. "that" in D is unnecessary.
15 Aug 2006, 03:50
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