Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 24 Sep 2016, 22:48
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Past perfect vs Past tense

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Mar 2013
Posts: 70
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 14

Past perfect vs Past tense [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2013, 21:24
Hi,

Can some explain me the correct usage -

Unlike the brown sparrow, the passenger pigeon (was slaughtered indiscriminately, had been slaughtered indiscriminately) and became extinct in 1914.

Regards,
Veenu
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2012
Posts: 11
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.56
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 2

Re: Past perfect vs Past tense [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2013, 08:34
Hi,

My understanding is simply,

1) these are two actions that are completed in the past and they define a sequence of events
2) the slaughter should occur prior to the bird becoming extinct

In such situations, use past perfect with the action that is completed first and use simple past with the one that is completed next.

I hope this helps,
Expert Post
4 KUDOS received
MBA Section Director
User avatar
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 22 Feb 2012
Posts: 3341
Location: India
City: Pune
GPA: 3.4
WE: Business Development (Manufacturing)
Followers: 350

Kudos [?]: 2575 [4] , given: 1858

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Past perfect vs Past tense [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2013, 12:07
4
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Both are correct. The question is, which one is appropriate for this scenario.

It is correct that when you are describing two events that happened in the past, you should use past perfect for the earlier event and simple past for the later one to show or emphasize the sequence of events.

Well, the key is here. You would need this construction if the sequence of events needs to be emphasized. If it is obvious, then you can go with simple past for both the events.

Unlike the brown sparrow, the passenger pigeon was slaughtered indiscriminately and became extinct in 1914.. It is obvious that slaughtering must come before the extinction. The reverse can never happen. So in this case you can go with simple past for both the actions and can still have the clear meaning.

Look at the another example Antonio DROVE to the store and BOUGHT some ice cream.

and what about this?? Laura LOCKED the dead bolt before she LEFT for work.
Here before has already made the sequence of actions amply clear, so you do not need past perfect to emphasize that.

Finally, I would say that the meaning of the sentence would determine which tense to go with.

Hope that helps.
_________________

MBA Rankings | Admission Deadlines | BSchool Adcom Chats | Applicant Status Tracker - Real Time Updates

Executive MBA | Part Time MBA | MBA Applicant Blogs | MBA Student Blogs

Impact of GMAT Score on Your Admission Chances
Special Scholarships and Fellowships Awarded at Top BSchools
Best Admissions Consulting Companies
Business School Reviews - Real and Verified
Global Map of Business Schools
Admission Trends at Top Business Schools Over Last 5 Years!!

Re: Past perfect vs Past tense   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2013, 12:07
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Being + Past participle vs past tense abhishek14jan 1 05 Nov 2015, 00:43
1 past tense vs present continous abhishek14jan 1 03 Nov 2015, 06:28
Past Perfect vs. Having + Past Participle alexanderbell 0 27 Feb 2015, 08:57
1 Somebody Explain Pls Q Past Perfect Tense BlueRobin 3 09 Jun 2010, 01:23
Simple Past vs. Present Perfect bmwhype2 1 22 Jul 2007, 18:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Past perfect vs Past tense

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.