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Pattern thinking on CR ( A challenge Q! ) [#permalink]
03 May 2004, 18:20
0% (00:00) correct
0% (00:00) wrong based on 4 sessions
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What do you think the best way to solve this problem (or even to understand the structure of the stimulus) ?
No one in the French Department to which Prof Alban belongs is allowed to teach more than one introductory level class in any one term. moreover, the only language classes being taught next term are advanced ones. So it is untrue that both of the French classes that Prof Alban will be teaching next term will be introductory level classes.
The pattern of reasoning displayed in the argument above is most closely paralleled by that in which one of the following arguments?
A. the morrison building will be fully occupied by May and since if a building is occupied by May the new tax rates apply to it, the morrison building will be taxed according to the new rates.
B.The revised tax code does not apply at all to buildings built before 1900, and only the first section of the revised code applies to buildings built between 1900 and 1920, so the revised code does not apply to the Norton building since it was built on 1873.
C.All property on Overton road will be reassessed for tax purposes by the end of the year and the Elnor Co. headquarters is Overton Road, so Elnor's property taxes will be higher next year.
D.New buildings that include public space are exempt from city taxes for two years and all new buildings in the city's Alton district are exempt for 5 years, so the building with the large public space that was recently completed in Alton will not be subject to city taxes next year.
E.Since according to recent statute, a building that is exempt from property taxes is charged for city water at a special rate, and hospitals are exempt from property taxes, Founder's Hospital will be charged for city water at the special rate.
I believe D is best.
The construction of the premise is that the conclusion holds because there are 2 given facts that make it so. First, "no one is allowed to teach more than one introductory level class in any one term". Second, "the only language classes being taught next term are advanced ones". Those are the 2 reasons/facts which support the conclusion
Conclusion: "the building with the large public space that was recently completed in Alton will not be subject to city taxes next year"
1st reason: New buildings that include public space are exempt from city taxes for two years
2nd reason: all new buildings in the city's Alton district are exempt for 5 years
IMO, it is the only answer that gives 2 reasons to support the conclusion
E) was confusing but is based on a different reasoning. E says that a building that is exempt from X pays Y and since Founder's hospital is exempt from X then it must be paying Y. E's reasoning is derived from associativity of a subset to a larger group and is not similar to the structure of the stem.
Sorry Anandnk I did not have time to look at this before, just very busy these days at work B is wrong because it certainly does not have the same line of reasoning than the stem does.
B says that the complete revised code does not apply to buildings built before 1900s (X). Only the first section of revised code applies to buildings built between 1900-1920(Y). Since Norton building is part of X, then the revised code does not apply to it. This associates the object to 1 group(group X) based on 1 given fact. Hence, the line of reasoning is one that is based on associativity and differs from the stem which gives 2 facts from which a conclusion can be drawn(as I previously explained).