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People in the north central region of the United States use

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People in the north central region of the United States use [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2010, 01:32
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Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:48) correct 33% (00:32) wrong based on 18 sessions
People in the north central region of the United States use certain utterances that distinguish their speech from other regions.

(A) distinguish their speech from
(B) distinguishes their manner of speaking from
(C) distinguish their speech from that of
(D) distinguish the way they speak from
(E) distinguishes their speech from those of


OE:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The correct response is (C). The original sentence (A) makes an illogical comparison between speech and region. (C) corrects the problem in the original version by adding that of.

(B) and (D) each fail to correct the illogical comparison between speech and region. Also, (B) incorrectly uses the singular verb distinguishes instead of the plural form.

(E) corrects the illogical comparison. However, (E) incorrectly uses the singular verb distinguishes. The verb must agree with its plural subject utterances. (E) also incorrectly uses those instead of the correct relative pronoun that (to refer to the singular speech).



OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: US Speech Patterns [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2010, 05:02
Expert's post
First thing, it should be utterances that distinguish and not distinguishes. So let’s dump B and E. Secondly distinguish their speech from some other speech and not from any regions. So eliminate A and D. By POE, it is C then that makes the grade finally.
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Re: US Speech Patterns [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2010, 09:12
Idiomatic use of distinguish is 'Distinguish X from Y'

Only C and E use the Idiomatic form of 'Distinguish'.
In E, verb (Distinguishes) does not agree in number with its Subject (utterances).

So correct answer - C
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Re: US Speech Patterns [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2010, 09:13
Aaah, there is already an Official explanation ... and it is much better than mine.
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Re: US Speech Patterns [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2010, 16:47
@devashish - I like that you offered your own explanation even in addition to the OE. It's important that you're thinking of why something is right/wrong, and often putting it into your own words is more helpful than what is "officially" written. As a teacher, I learned a long time ago that I couldn't teach nearly as well from the official explanations in the OG as I could from my own thought process, since my mind works a lot more similarly to students' minds than does the Official Guide editor's!

One pretty big strategic point that everyone can take away on this - if one or more of the answer choices uses "that of" or "those of", you have to make a decision about parallelism - you either need to have a possessive relationship or you don't, so you can specifically look for that.

Here, we need it: each answer choice already uses "their voice", and because there's a possessive quality to "their", then we need to use "that/those of" to get a proper comparison.

As you're scanning questions for decision points, the that/those of point is a good one to recognize!
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Re: US Speech Patterns [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2010, 17:10
It should be C.
'utterances' is plural and therefore B and E are out.
A and D have illogical comparison.
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Re: US Speech Patterns   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2010, 17:10
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