Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 25 May 2016, 12:56

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 994
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: [color=#0000FF]Chicago Booth Class of 2015 [/color] - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Retail Banking)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 643 [1] , given: 36

People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 00:27
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

68% (01:44) correct 32% (00:54) wrong based on 150 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

People lets discuss !

More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Han dynasty unified China, subduing warring tribes and forced the vast territory to adopt a single code of laws.

(A) subduing warring tribes and forced

(B) subduing warring tribes and forcing

(C) subdued warring tribes, and forcing

(D) subdued warring tribes, and it forced

(E) having subdued warring tribes, and they forced

Which one and why? Please explain.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 153
Location: I N D I A
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 16

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 01:37
nusmavrik wrote:
People lets discuss !

More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Han dynasty unified China, subduing warring tribes and forced the vast territory to adopt a single code of laws.

(A) subduing warring tribes and forced

(B) subduing warring tribes and forcing : looks little awkward

(C) subdued warring tribes, and forcing

(D) subdued warring tribes, and it forced

(E) having subdued warring tribes, and they forced

Which one and why? Please explain.

Confused between A and C.. If i use the rule that coordinating conjunction and should be preceded by , then i go with C else A looks better as it explains how the Han dynasty unified China so the verb should be in participle form i.e. Subduing and not Past as subdued...

i might b wrong but just giving it a try...
Intern
Joined: 25 Jun 2010
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 02:49
This is a modifier question.
Very first is to understand the structure of the sentense. In the clause we say "Han dynasty unified China". If you concentrate on the two parts "sudsiding ... " and "forced ...." both of these actions are exactly what Han Dynasty did to unite China. So ideally, these should fit as modifiers for the same action.
..... the Han dynasty unified China, subduing ... and forcing ....
The above is a very direct explanation. But there are flaws in the other options too. But major clue for me is what I explained above.
Intern
Joined: 16 Mar 2010
Posts: 42
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 39

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 09:52
These types of questions are really tricky for me as well. Its can be tough to understand the flow of the sentence.

So far I think either:
(1)
The han dynasty unified China
(a) by subduing warring tribes
(b) by forcing the vast territory to adopt a single code...

or(2)

The han dynasty unified China
(a) by subduing warring tribes
And forced the vast territory to adopt a single code...

I'm leaning toward example (1) which would be answer choice B.
I think for example (2) to be correct "by subduing warring tribes" would have to be in in commas.
But i'm still not 100% sure. Whats the OA?
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 994
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: [color=#0000FF]Chicago Booth Class of 2015 [/color] - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Retail Banking)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 643 [0], given: 36

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 10:30
Hey mailnavin1

mailnavin1 wrote:
STRONGLY A

_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 994
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: [color=#0000FF]Chicago Booth Class of 2015 [/color] - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Retail Banking)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 643 [0], given: 36

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 19:43

Its simple parallelism Han dynasty is the subject and main verb is unified. "subduing" and "forcing" modifies the clause "Han dynasty unified China". If China would have been the subject then A is correct.

You can compare this SC to following SC - where the subject is "local times"
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing

Sorry if I changed the thought process by the words "tricky". But I want to be 100% sure on the explanation.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 153
Location: I N D I A
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 16

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jun 2010, 01:31
nusmavrik wrote:

Its simple parallelism Han dynasty is the subject and main verb is unified. "subduing" and "forcing" modifies the clause "Han dynasty unified China". If China would have been the subject then A is correct.

You can compare this SC to following SC - where the subject is "local times"
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing

Sorry if I changed the thought process by the words "tricky". But I want to be 100% sure on the explanation.

Nice Question nusmavrik... it was simple parallelism but your Subject the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! forced me to give it a second thought..

Thanks once again for the Q..
SVP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1559
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 436 [0], given: 6

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2010, 09:52
I narrowed it to A and B but A does not make sense. Hence chose B.
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2010
Posts: 194
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 13

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2010, 00:29
Went for B ...glad that it turned out to be OA
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2010
Posts: 194
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 13

Re: Han - the answer is tricky, it not simple parallelism ! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2010, 00:32
above explanation was perfect ..............but I used logic instead of Grammar .....In A it was trying to explain that China was ruled , subdued and unified ......

But B tells how China was ruled by Hans .............felt that logically B is making sense .....
Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2011
Posts: 117
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 17

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jul 2012, 06:43
This is a very typical GMAT question .. in which they put in a modifier between and... thereby confusing between the parallel structure. One must closely look at the meaning intended and hence, A should be the right answer!
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1943
Followers: 1837

Kudos [?]: 5929 [1] , given: 246

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jul 2012, 08:52
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
pavanpuneet wrote:
This is a very typical GMAT question .. in which they put in a modifier between and... thereby confusing between the parallel structure. One must closely look at the meaning intended and hence, A should be the right answer!

Hi there,
More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Han dynasty unified China, subduing warring tribes and forced the vast territory to adopt a single code of laws.

Another very good example of a sentence where meaning plays a crucial role. If we don’t understand the meaning well, most likely we will mark the incorrect answer choice. So let’s begin the meaning analysis.

The sentence says that twenty-one centuries ago, the Han dynasty unified China. So how did they do so? They did so by subduing warring tribes. Then the sentence says that the Han dynasty “forced” the vast territory to adopt a single code of laws. If the Han rulers forced everyone to adopt single code of laws, isn’t that a move towards unifying China? Yes, it is. So the Han dynasty unified China by:
a. subduing warring tribes and
b. forcing the vast territory to adopt a single code of laws.

ERROR ANALYSIS

With this understanding of meaning, it is easy to spot that verb “forced” should be turned into a verb-ing modifier “forcing” to make it parallel to “subduing”. In that case, both the modifiers will present how the Han dynasty unified China.

POE:

(A) subduing warring tribes and forced: Incorrect for the reason discussed above.

(B) subduing warring tribes and forcing: Correct. “forcing” is now parallel to “subduing”.

(C) subdued warring tribes, and forcing: Incorrect. This choice changes verb-ing modifier “subduing” to verb “subdued” which is now parallel to “unified”. “and” is the indicator of a parallel list in the sentence. However, the last entity followed by “and”, “forcing” is not parallel to the other two entities. Also, this is not the intended list.

(D) subdued warring tribes, and it forced: Incorrect. Presence of “it” is incorrect here. If there were no “it”, then all the entities would be parallel. However, this is not the intended list anyway.

(E) having subdued warring tribes, and they forced: Incorrect. Plural pronoun “they” does not agree in number with its singular antecedent “Han dynasty”.

At e-gmat we cover in details how to identify the correct parallel list and how to make the list parallel in the sentence in the concepts names “Parallelism – Identify and Correct” and “Parallelism – Helpful Tips”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Director
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 563
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 229 [0], given: 75

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jul 2012, 10:09
+1 for (B)
POE works, other other (B) nothing is suitably parallel.
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1218
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 81 [0], given: 510

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jul 2012, 20:29
in the following, oa is E.

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, //which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing// from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing

Bu I see A is also parallel and correct because

which was :
determined
and
differing.

inhere, "determined" is parallel to " differing" and A is correct

A can be INcorrect becuase the distance between " determined" and "differing" is far and we need to repeat "which was" before "differing" . If this was the case, A is wrong becuase of "style" problem not of parallel problem.

Pls, comment, confirm.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1943
Followers: 1837

Kudos [?]: 5929 [0], given: 246

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2012, 07:49
Expert's post
thangvietnam wrote:
in the following, oa is E.

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, //which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing// from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing

Bu I see A is also parallel and correct because

which was :
determined
and
differing.

inhere, "determined" is parallel to " differing" and A is correct

A can be INcorrect becuase the distance between " determined" and "differing" is far and we need to repeat "which was" before "differing" . If this was the case, A is wrong becuase of "style" problem not of parallel problem.

Pls, comment, confirm.

Hi there,

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

This sentence presents a couple of information about “local times”. They were
a. determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and
b. differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

In the original sentence, the first information is presented, using “which” clause, but the second information does not start with which. Now, this is certainly a parallelism issue. In the parallel list, all the entities must have same construction as far as possible.

Now, presence of “was” makes “determined” a verb. However, in absence of “which was” before it, “differing” is still a verb-ing modifier. So a “which clause” cannot be parallel to a verb-ing modifier. We certainly have parallelism issue here.

Again, if we assume that “which was” is understood before “differing”, then we have the first information about the “local times” in simple present tense – “was determined” – and second information in past continuous tense – “was differing”. Why should this be the case? Both the information should be written in simple past tense because the sentence is giving general information about “local times”. Hence, we certainly have parallelism issue here.

We cannot say that this error is stylistic because “which was” is far away from “differing”. We saw the possible implications of "which was" in the sentence.

Also notice that “local times” is plural and “was” is singular verb. So we have subject-verb number agreement error as well.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Re: People lets discuss ! More than twenty-one centuries ago,   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2012, 07:49
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 First discovered more than 30 years ago 5 27 Nov 2014, 20:26
14 Setting a precedent that lasted more than a century,George 11 06 Oct 2013, 08:07
More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Han dynasty unified 4 12 Jun 2010, 23:11
6 1 First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a 11 06 Oct 2009, 04:28
Pls let me understand this q more clearly... Rather than 3 21 Sep 2008, 18:18
Display posts from previous: Sort by