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People ought to take into account a discipline's blemished

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People ought to take into account a discipline's blemished [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2011, 22:32
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

Question Stats:

12% (03:28) correct 87% (01:45) wrong based on 8 sessions
People ought to take into account a discipline's blemished origins when assessing scientific value of discipline. Take, for example, chemistry. It must be considered that many of its landmark results were obtained by alchemists- a group whose superstitions and appeals to magic dominated the early part of chemical theory.

Reasoning above is most susceptible to criticism because author:
(a) fails to establish that disciplines with unblemished origins are scientifically valuable
(b) fails to consider how chemistry's current theories and practices differ from those of the alchemists mentioned
(c) uses example to contradict principle under consideration
(d) does not prove that most disciplines that are not scientifically valuable have origins that are in some way suspect
(e) uses word "discipline" in two different senses.
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Re: blemished origins [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2011, 22:53
C vs E. I am leaning towards E since flawed and scientific values can go hand in hand. But the author seems to split the difference in order to make the conclusion.

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Re: blemished origins [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2011, 23:03
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(a) fails to establish that disciplines with unblemished origins are scientifically valuable Author doesn’t have to do that – he is saying that blemished origins might mean unscientific discipline- not that unblemished origins will essentially mean scientific value – he doesn’t have to establish that at all for the current argument to hold valid- so this doesn’t weaken or strengthen the present argument

(b) fails to consider how chemistry's current theories and practices differ from those of the alchemists mentioned Author criticizes chemistry because of its blemishes origins and doubts its present scientific value. He doesn’t consider the fact that the current theories and practices have changed from those of origins in alchemists- hence his doubting current scientific value is not justified
(c) uses example to contradict principle under consideration . He is not doing that – he is not using the example to contradict the principle, but to support it.
(d) does not prove that most disciplines that are not scientifically valuable have origins that are in some way suspect – Similar to A, author doesn’t have to do that essentially – this cant weaken his argument only – he is citing on example – how many examples are sufficient to strengthen is not defined or determinable. So we cant use this logic to criticize his argument.
(e) uses word "discipline" in two different senses. Author doesn’t do that – he uses discipline in only one sense- a field of study
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Re: blemished origins [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2011, 23:47
Good reasoning ! thanks....
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Re: blemished origins [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2011, 04:14
+1 for B.
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Re: blemished origins [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2011, 19:33
OA is B

+1 to vivesomnium
Re: blemished origins   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2011, 19:33
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People ought to take into account a discipline's blemished

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