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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event s

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People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event s [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2009, 22:56
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7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2009, 00:00
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acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
Out of scope
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
Headlines and coverage I think are different, so can't be sure.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
News headlines (more local news) ==>attention of the readers for more local crimes==>estimate more likely to occur crimes in the local area. As this option suggets.

(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
Personal experience is not mentioned in the stimuli.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.
This is an assumption needed, but can't be just concluded from 2 premises. Though need more clarity on it. Anyone?


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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2009, 08:11
acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects. -out of scope
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events. - the conclusion of the argument is more concerned with the people but not with what newspapers cover.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places. - the perfect fit
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences. - its not about personal experiences
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes - not relavant.
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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2009, 13:10
acer2knight wrote:
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it comes to their attention.
By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many other major events.
It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B)The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of the coverage of local events.
(C) Readers of local news in newspapers tend to overestimate the amount of crime in their own localities relative to the amount of crime in other places.
(D) None of the events concerning other people that are reported in newspapers is so salient in people’s minds as their own personal experiences.
(E) The press is the news medium that focuses people’s attention most strongly on local crimes.


I would say (C). From what we know, perceived likelihood of occurrence is caused by two variables: strength of coverage, & frequency of coverage. Right now, we know that newspapers' coverage of local crime is stronger than that of non-local crime, nothing is said about frequency of coverage, so we can't assume anything about it. However, all else being equal, we can assume that people tend to think the quantity of local crime outnumbers that of non-local crimes.

A - This is a value judgment that is way out of scope.
B - No, local CRIME is covered more than int'l events, not local events. Crime (hopefully) isn't the only event.
D - Out of scope, this is a comparison of local crime coverage Vs. other events & non-local crimes. Something can be local, but it might not be personal.
E - The original info is a comparison between what the press covers, it is not a comparison of the press to other mediums of information, which this choice suggests.
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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2009, 14:24
IMO C

It is the most logical and is based on both the statements in the stem.
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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 10:00
I answered E but later realized that E is tough as it says "the press is the news medium that focuses people's attention..."

Be careful! It says in the first sentence of the premise : "People tend to estimate"

Estimation of a person is weaker than something that forces you to focus on it.
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Re: Local Vs Non Local News [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 11:55
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event s [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2016, 05:46
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Re: People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event s   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2016, 05:46
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