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People who have political power tend to see new technologies

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People who have political power tend to see new technologies [#permalink] New post 17 May 2013, 00:03
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 22 May 2013, 23:24, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.2: CR Questions [#permalink] New post 17 May 2013, 09:50
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1)People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments ans ideas as a threat to it.
Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own inventions.In my opinion here new ways is indirectly referring to technology, thus I think it is the correct one that is strengthening the argument
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those whom they belive are useful to them and punish those whom they belive are threats. Argument talks about the technology and poltical power not about punishing others, so out of scope
(C) Ethical inventiviness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals. Never is to extreme here
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.Argument says people with power often use technology as weapon not someone who is trying to take-over the power, so incorrect
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the political powerful.Although it is a close contender i feel Choice A is better than this one


Correct me If i am wrong....
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.2: CR Questions [#permalink] New post 17 May 2013, 11:59
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Question 1
Answer Should be B

Analysis

Premise - People with political power accepts new technologies to protect/extend their political powers and discard new ideas/ethical arguments that may pose threat to their political powers

Conclusion - Those who have technical ingenuity always benefits by that and those who have wthical inventiveness feel pain by that

There is a logical gap between premise and conclusion. Premise suggests that Politicians tend to adopt new technologies and they tend to discard new ethics. If we establish that they support those who help them adopt new technologies and weaken those who create threat to their political powers then we can safely conclude that People with technical ingenuity gets benefited and People with ethical inventiveness had to sustain pain.

The Choice that establishes this fact would be correct here.

A) Incorrect - This choice only restates the half part of conclusion. It does not reveal that whether the benefit comes from Political side. Moreover it does not comment on Ethical Arguments

B) Correct - This choice perfectly connects the premise with conclusion. Politicians tend to accept new technologies to protect their power - They reward those who offer them new technologies - Therefore the people who offer new technologies get the benefit of this ingenuity.

C) Out of scope. Whether these characteristics are possessed by few indivisuals is not as issue here.

D) Incorrect - This choice infact weakens the conclusion

E) Incorrect - This choice is only comment on half part of the stimulus. i.e. Ethical Inventiveness

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Narenn
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.2: CR Questions [#permalink] New post 21 May 2013, 20:53
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Zarrolou wrote:
1) People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.


Explanation:

Points found from the argument are:
1) People with political power consider new technologies favorable and they treat new ethical ideas as threat.
2) Technical ingenuity brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity.
3) Ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

From these points, we can see that
(i) “Technical ingenuity is favorable to politically powerful people” and “people with technical ingenuity are benefited” could be correlated.
(ii) “Ethical arguments are threats to politically powerful people” and “people with ethical inventiveness are mistreated” could be correlated.
(iii) Common factor in the above two points is “politically powerful people”.

A) This statement has nothing to do with the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
B) Correct. This statement clearly links the points (1), (ii), and (iii) above, and thus the statement strengthens the argument.
C) This statement may or may not be true. However, this statement has nothing to do with the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
D) This statement does not affect the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
E) This statement may or may not be true. But, this statement does not affect the conclusion of the argument. If the people hide their ethical inventiveness, they would not get pain through their ethical inventiveness. Wrong.

Correct Answer is B.
Re: Verbal Challenge 1.2: CR Questions   [#permalink] 21 May 2013, 20:53
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