I can tell you about Europe as I predominantly applied to (Mainland) European institutions and got accepted at one (so far
In Europe, first thing you should check is whether funding is available or not. There are many good institutions/universities but with limited funding.
Secondly, you should check the eligibility requirement. Some programs specifically require you to have a 'research masters'. A normal masters or an MBA is not eligible leave alone a standalone UG degree.
Some top places where you can apply which have US type programs and with good/decent funding opportunities are:France
: INSEAD, HEC, ESSEC, ESCP (French requirement), EDHEC (only Fin), EM Lyon (not all specializations available), Grenoble EM.
In most of these places, funding is almost guaranteed on acceptanceItaly
: Bocconi (a separate PhD for eco and fin)Spain
: IE Business school (limited funding), IESE (Research masters requirement)Sweden
: Stockholm School of Economics (funding guatanteed and a separate PhD for eco and fin)
There are some excellent Dutch universities such as Tilburg, Maastricht, Groningen etc. These have research masters requirement. But PhDs are treated as an employee and the 'salary' is generally higher than normal phD stipend.
Also most of these places have Sept intake only.