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Philosopher: The eighteenth-century thesis that motion is

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Philosopher: The eighteenth-century thesis that motion is [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 12:06
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25. Philosopher: The eighteenth-century thesis that motion is absolute asserts that the change in an object’s position over time could be measured without reference to the position of any other object. A well-respected physicist, however, claims that this thesis is incoherent. Since a thesis that is incoherent cannot be accepted as a description of reality, motion cannot be absolute.

The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?

(A) attempting to persuade by the mere use of technical terminology
(B) using experimental results to justify a change in definition
(C) relying on the authority of an expert to support a premise
(D) inferring from what has been observed to be the case under experimental conditions to what is in principle true
(E) generalizing from what is true in one region of space to what must be true in all regions of space
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Re: CR: motion is absolute [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 13:08
WinWinMBA wrote:
25. Philosopher: The eighteenth-century thesis that motion is absolute asserts that the change in an object’s position over time could be measured without reference to the position of any other object. A well-respected physicist, however, claims that this thesis is incoherent. Since a thesis that is incoherent cannot be accepted as a description of reality, motion cannot be absolute.

The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?

(A) attempting to persuade by the mere use of technical terminology
(B) using experimental results to justify a change in definition
(C) relying on the authority of an expert to support a premise
(D) inferring from what has been observed to be the case under experimental conditions to what is in principle true
(E) generalizing from what is true in one region of space to what must be true in all regions of space


I am going with A.
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Re: CR: motion is absolute [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 13:19
C ?
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Re: CR: motion is absolute [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 15:35
michalky wrote:
C ?


It doesn't seem as the passage is supporting any premise.

Anyway, I pick B
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 17:42
I will go with C.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 18:01
I'll go with C. In the passage, we're told the Physicist dimisses the theory as incoherent, and therefore the principle of motion cannot be absolute. However, we're nto told why the Physicists dismissed the theory as incoherent. So the argumentative is one that is relying simply on autority of an exeprt.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 18:08
I am kind of between A and C ..
but I choose "C"..

What is OA ??
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 18:12
shalinikhatri wrote:
I am kind of between A and C ..
but I choose "C"..

What is OA ??


(A) attempting to persuade by the mere use of technical terminology
A cannot be right because it says to persuade by use of technical terminology. In the passage, the physicist did not persuade for his case, he simply dismissed the theory as incoherent. The fact that he mentioned that incoherent means not absolute is not important since is simply to state that motion is not absolute. He has not shown case as to why he thinks the theory is incoherent in the first place.
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Re: CR: motion is absolute [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 19:13
Quote:
Philosopher: A well-respected physicist, however, claims that this thesis is incoherent. Since a thesis that is incoherent cannot be accepted as a description of reality, motion cannot be absolute.

Quote:
The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?

Quote:
(C) relying on the authority of an expert to support a premise


the author is just refering the physicist's statement. so it should be C.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 21:56
C sounds good to me
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Re: CR: motion is absolute [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2005, 23:34
A...doesn't sound great but leaving it for now.
B is not true as there are no experimental results talked about
C....could be true...but it says relying on the authority of an expert to support a premise...but no premise was made that was supported...rather a statement was made followed by the author's opinion which counters the statement, and a conclusion was drawn that the original statement is false...thus eliminating C
D...no experimental conditions
E...irrelevant

Thus though i dont like A...since nothing is left i pick A
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2005, 01:47
I am still sticking with A and here is my explanation why:
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2005, 01:48
I apologize for my previous incomplete thread:

I am still sticking with A and here is my explanation why -

in A the author makes a conclusion that the thesis is incoherent. However, the premise of his conclusion is the conclusion itself. Which is absurd. Now, the sentence - Since a thesis that is incoherent cannot be accepted as a description of reality, motion cannot be absolute. is just to confuse people, but not to give a valid explanation.
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Answer [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2005, 15:12
The OA is C.
Answer   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2005, 15:12
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