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Phrase must be introduced by a prepostion, no a participle?

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Phrase must be introduced by a prepostion, no a participle? [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2007, 19:47
While studying OG11, I came across the following SC question:

After gradual declension down to about 39 hours in 1970, the work week in the U.S. has steadily increased to the point that the average worker now puts in an estimated 164 extra hours of paid labor a year.

A) After gradual declension down
B) Following a gradual declension down
C) After gradual declining down
D) After gradually declining
E) Following gradually declining

A, B, and C are wrong. declension or declining in combination with the word down is redundant. Between choice D and E, I choose E.

E is incorrect. When I looked at the explaination, OG11 tells me: Phrase must be introduced by a preposition (after), not a participle (following).

I am confused. I see many phrases begin with participles in OG11:
1) Warning (participle) that computers in the U.S. are not secure...
2) Rising (participle) inventories, if not accompanied by sales...

What is going on? Please explain.
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Phrase must be introduced by a prepostion, no a participle?   [#permalink] 03 Apr 2007, 19:47
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Phrase must be introduced by a prepostion, no a participle?

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