Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very

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Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2013, 22:18
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63% (02:12) correct 37% (01:17) wrong based on 188 sessions

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Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very little moisture. Desert X is an environment with constant, powerful sunlight, and almost no moisture. Although Plant Y thrives in the areas surrounding Desert X, it does not exist naturally in the desert, nor does it survive long when introduced there.

Which of the following, if true, would be most useful in explaining the apparent discrepancy above?

(A) Desert X’s climate is far too harsh for the animals that normally feed on Plant Y.
(B) For one week in the fall, Desert X gets consistent rainfall.
(C) The environment around Desert X is ideally suited to the needs of Plant Y.
(D) Due to the lack of sufficient moisture, Desert X can support very little plant life.
(E) Plant Y cannot survive in temperatures as high as those normally found in Desert X.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E
I am stuck between B and E, how to rule out one.

I am facing such problem,getting stuck b/w two options, very frequently, can someone please suggest me how to get rid of it
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 15 Jun 2013, 22:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2013, 23:54
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veenu08 wrote:

I am stuck between B and E, how to rule out one.

I am facing such problem,getting stuck b/w two options, very frequently, can someone please suggest me how to get rid of it

Hi Veenu08. I'm glad to help (in any way)

Analyze the stimulus:
Fact: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very little moisture
Fact: Desert X is an environment with constant, powerful sunlight, and almost no moisture
Fact: But X does not exist naturally in the desert, nor does it survive long when introduced there

The question asks you to explain why plan Y does not EXIST in dessert Y.

Please see the RED parts. "Exist" does not mean "Thrive". For example: Y may exist in desert Y, but Y does not thrive. ==> B is wrong because B may lead to the result: Plan Y may exist, but does not thrive in desert X because one-week rainfall is just temporary condition and Desert X is an environment with constant, powerful sunlight, and almost no moisture.

E, however, clearly shows that plan Y cannot exist in desert X. Hence, E is correct.

I'm sorry buddy, but there's no shortcut. Please keep in mind, in real GMAT, you can eliminate 3 options very fast. The remaining two options, however, make it difficult to rule out one. Some common errors I can show you such as:
- reverse answer (if you read too fast, you can fall in this kind of trap)
- shell game (like this question). It changes enough to be attractive.
- Opposite answer (if you read too fast, you can fall in this kind of trap)
- Out of scope (needless to say, I'm sure you can eliminate this error very easy)

Hope that helps.
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Re: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2013, 23:46
Why is option C incorrect? isnt the stimulus talking about two factors here : powerful sunlight and no moisture...
Option D talks about lack of moisture and option E talks about high temperature. none of these options contain both of the factors...How is E correct?what is problem with C and D?
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Re: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2013, 00:53
swati007 wrote:
Why is option C incorrect? isnt the stimulus talking about two factors here : powerful sunlight and no moisture...
Option D talks about lack of moisture and option E talks about high temperature. none of these options contain both of the factors...How is E correct?what is problem with C and D?

Hi swati007

This is RESOLVE THE PARADOX question.

The question asks you to explain:
Y thrives in environment (1) great sunlight and (2) very little moisture
Although Desert X has both (1) and (2), but why plan Y does not EXIST in dessert Y?

(C) The environment around Desert X is ideally suited to the needs of Plant Y.
C just says the environment around desert X is good for plant Y, ==> this is a fact in the stimulus. It does not explain why Y does not exist.

(D) Due to the lack of sufficient moisture, Desert X can support very little plant life.
Actually, Y can thrive in little moisture environment ==> The fact "Desert X can support very little plan life" does not help to explain why Y does not exist in desert X.

TAKEAWAY:

(1) Restate facts in the stimulus
(2) Just explain one side of the paradox
(3) Just explain the similarities/differences between two sides

Hope it helps.
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Re: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 22:42
I found the options D and E very close and chose E over D but could someone explain why option D is incorrect.
The original premise says that Plant Y needs great sunlight and very little moisture and the option D does talk about that the Desert X contains almost no moisture.
Hence the plant Y cannot survive there as it needs at least some moisture which is non-existent in the Desert X.

Could someone help out here.
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Re: Plant Y thrives in environments of great sunlight and very   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2013, 22:42
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