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Play therapy

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Play therapy [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2010, 19:20
Got this from GMATClub v05. The answer doesn't make sense - it doesn't answer the question, and neither does the explanation of the answer. Can anyone help out?

Quote:
When children experience emotional upset or trauma, their problems are sometimes made worse by well-meaning adults who either don’t notice their distress or insist that they express themselves through an adult medium: verbal language. Play therapy, on the other hand, recognizes that imaginative play is the mode of expression most comfortable and natural to children and focuses on helping them express their emotions. A form of psychodynamic treatment, play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.

The equipment of play therapy is simple and familiar. Dolls, play dishes, soldiers, stuffed animals, and sandboxes all have their place in the play therapy room. The job of the therapist, however, is a bit more challenging, because he or she must refrain from guiding the child in a particular direction or asking pointed questions. The therapist’s task is partly to observe the child’s play and recognize the child’s emotions and help bring them to expression. The second, very important, task is for the therapist to accept the child unconditionally.

A well-known example of successful play therapy is documented in Dr. Virginia Axline’s book Dibs in Search of Self. Dibs is an emotionally disturbed 5-year-old whose teachers fear he may have brain damage. In his play therapy sessions with Dr. Axline, however, a different picture emerges. Dibs’ play with a dollhouse and several dolls reveals that he feels cut off from his family and that he is angry with them for locking him in his room. This theme is repeated in play with animals in the room’s sandbox; he frees them from captivity again and again. During the sessions, Dr. Axline is careful not to express preference for any of Dibs’ activities, and most of her comments are simply reflecting back to him what he has just said. Additionally, through her choices to help him express his anger rather than offering him comfort in it, Dr. Axline fosters in Dibs a sense of emotional independence. At the end of the case study, Dibs has emerged as a content, intelligent, compassionate child.


According to the passage, which of the following is a reason that play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?

(A) Children express themselves through a different medium than adults.
(B) Children sometimes experience emotional upset or trauma.
(C) The therapist’s task is to accept the child unconditionally.
(D) Therapists observe children’s behavior and recognize the emotions being expressed.
(E) Children can resolve their own anxieties once they have been aided in expression.

OA and explanation:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Since this question uses the phrase according to the passage, the answer is stated in the passage. Aside from the general tone in the passage that play therapy is intended to help children, only this ("A form of psychodynamic treatment, play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.") line relate a specific reason: play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.

1. This is stated in the first paragraph, but is not a reason for play therapists to help children express emotion.
2. Though true, this is not directly stated as a reason.
3. This information comes from the second and third paragraphs, but is a method not a reason.
4. Though this is an activity of the therapist, it is not a reason for helping the child express emotion.
5. This option correctly identifies that fact that the purpose of helping children express their emotions through play therapy is to allow them to resolve their anxieties themselves.

My problem with this is that the question asks how play therapists help children express their emotions - NOT how they help children resolve their anxieties. Answer E specifically tells what happens as a RESULT of children expressing their emotions, which doesn't answer the question at all. It doesn't even come close to addressing how play therapy helps children express their emotions - it only states what happens once the children do.
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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2010, 22:11
TehJay wrote:
Quote:
When children experience emotional upset or trauma, their problems are sometimes made worse by well-meaning adults who either don’t notice their distress or insist that they express themselves through an adult medium: verbal language. Play therapy, on the other hand, recognizes that imaginative play is the mode of expression most comfortable and natural to children and focuses on helping them express their emotions. A form of psychodynamic treatment, play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.

The equipment of play therapy is simple and familiar. Dolls, play dishes, soldiers, stuffed animals, and sandboxes all have their place in the play therapy room. The job of the therapist, however, is a bit more challenging, because he or she must refrain from guiding the child in a particular direction or asking pointed questions. The therapist’s task is partly to observe the child’s play and recognize the child’s emotions and help bring them to expression. The second, very important, task is for the therapist to accept the child unconditionally.

A well-known example of successful play therapy is documented in Dr. Virginia Axline’s book Dibs in Search of Self. Dibs is an emotionally disturbed 5-year-old whose teachers fear he may have brain damage. In his play therapy sessions with Dr. Axline, however, a different picture emerges. Dibs’ play with a dollhouse and several dolls reveals that he feels cut off from his family and that he is angry with them for locking him in his room. This theme is repeated in play with animals in the room’s sandbox; he frees them from captivity again and again. During the sessions, Dr. Axline is careful not to express preference for any of Dibs’ activities, and most of her comments are simply reflecting back to him what he has just said. Additionally, through her choices to help him express his anger rather than offering him comfort in it, Dr. Axline fosters in Dibs a sense of emotional independence. At the end of the case study, Dibs has emerged as a content, intelligent, compassionate child.


According to the passage, which of the following is a reason that play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?

(A) Children express themselves through a different medium than adults. - So, what.

(B) Children sometimes experience emotional upset or trauma. - This isn't a reason POE

(C) The therapist’s task is to accept the child unconditionally. - One of the challenges for therapist,hence POE.

(D) Therapists observe children’s behavior and recognize the emotions being expressed. - How therapist derive conclusion from the therapy, hence its not the reason. S, POE

(E) Children can resolve their own anxieties once they have been aided in expression. - From Para 2 and 3 we derive that a play therapist does nothing more than interpreting the child's actions. Hence, the therapist knows that the child can actually help himself/hrself. Hence, the Therapist helps as an interpretor. Thus, answer.




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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2010, 22:26
"My problem with this is that the question asks how play therapists help children express their emotions - NOT how they help children resolve their anxieties. Answer E specifically tells what happens as a RESULT of children expressing their emotions, which doesn't answer the question at all. It doesn't even come close to addressing how play therapy helps children express their emotions - it only states what happens once the children do."

You are right as it is your perspective of looking at the question.
However, I looked at this question like this.I scouted for the reason why and possibly how a therapist's role comes into picture in the case of helping children with emotional disturbances.

The question asks for a reason for which therapists help the children express their emotions since they are DISTURBED.
Para 1 first line states that an emotionally disturbed child can express his/her emotions not through verbal media but through a media interpreted in Play sessions.

Hence, the Emotions specially mentioned in the question asks for those emotions through which can emotionaly distubed child can vent his/her feelings.

Thus E scores a point here.

I believe this must help you.
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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2010, 13:08
E just seems the best.

TehJay wrote:
Got this from GMATClub v05. The answer doesn't make sense - it doesn't answer the question, and neither does the explanation of the answer. Can anyone help out?

Quote:
When children experience emotional upset or trauma, their problems are sometimes made worse by well-meaning adults who either don’t notice their distress or insist that they express themselves through an adult medium: verbal language. Play therapy, on the other hand, recognizes that imaginative play is the mode of expression most comfortable and natural to children and focuses on helping them express their emotions. A form of psychodynamic treatment, play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.

The equipment of play therapy is simple and familiar. Dolls, play dishes, soldiers, stuffed animals, and sandboxes all have their place in the play therapy room. The job of the therapist, however, is a bit more challenging, because he or she must refrain from guiding the child in a particular direction or asking pointed questions. The therapist’s task is partly to observe the child’s play and recognize the child’s emotions and help bring them to expression. The second, very important, task is for the therapist to accept the child unconditionally.

A well-known example of successful play therapy is documented in Dr. Virginia Axline’s book Dibs in Search of Self. Dibs is an emotionally disturbed 5-year-old whose teachers fear he may have brain damage. In his play therapy sessions with Dr. Axline, however, a different picture emerges. Dibs’ play with a dollhouse and several dolls reveals that he feels cut off from his family and that he is angry with them for locking him in his room. This theme is repeated in play with animals in the room’s sandbox; he frees them from captivity again and again. During the sessions, Dr. Axline is careful not to express preference for any of Dibs’ activities, and most of her comments are simply reflecting back to him what he has just said. Additionally, through her choices to help him express his anger rather than offering him comfort in it, Dr. Axline fosters in Dibs a sense of emotional independence. At the end of the case study, Dibs has emerged as a content, intelligent, compassionate child.


According to the passage, which of the following is a reason that play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?

(A) Children express themselves through a different medium than adults.
(B) Children sometimes experience emotional upset or trauma.
(C) The therapist’s task is to accept the child unconditionally.
(D) Therapists observe children’s behavior and recognize the emotions being expressed.
(E) Children can resolve their own anxieties once they have been aided in expression.

OA and explanation:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Since this question uses the phrase according to the passage, the answer is stated in the passage. Aside from the general tone in the passage that play therapy is intended to help children, only this ("A form of psychodynamic treatment, play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.") line relate a specific reason: play therapy takes for granted the fact that, once aided in expression, children are able to resolve their anxieties themselves.

1. This is stated in the first paragraph, but is not a reason for play therapists to help children express emotion.
2. Though true, this is not directly stated as a reason.
3. This information comes from the second and third paragraphs, but is a method not a reason.
4. Though this is an activity of the therapist, it is not a reason for helping the child express emotion.
5. This option correctly identifies that fact that the purpose of helping children express their emotions through play therapy is to allow them to resolve their anxieties themselves.

My problem with this is that the question asks how play therapists help children express their emotions - NOT how they help children resolve their anxieties. Answer E specifically tells what happens as a RESULT of children expressing their emotions, which doesn't answer the question at all. It doesn't even come close to addressing how play therapy helps children express their emotions - it only states what happens once the children do.
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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2010, 12:59
tehjay... you got your question wrong....
the question does not ask "HOW" the therapists help the children express their emotions...
instead it asks "WHY" play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?(According to the passage, which of the following is a reason that play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?)
now ask yourself why they make children express their emotions...
obviously to make the kids overcome the problem on their own......
if u look at it from this perspective there is no debate at all, E hits it perfectly.
hope this helps....
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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 19:41
vinzycoolfire wrote:
tehjay... you got your question wrong....
the question does not ask "HOW" the therapists help the children express their emotions...
instead it asks "WHY" play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?(According to the passage, which of the following is a reason that play therapists help disturbed children express their emotions?)
now ask yourself why they make children express their emotions...
obviously to make the kids overcome the problem on their own......
if u look at it from this perspective there is no debate at all, E hits it perfectly.
hope this helps....



Thejay wouldnt be interested, he already scored a massive 760 on the real test. your efforts will certainly help someone, as it has done to me :-D
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Re: Play therapy [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2014, 02:03
Still finding problems with this...
Any new input?
Re: Play therapy   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2014, 02:03
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