“It is unrealistic to expect individual nations to make, independently, the sacrifices necessary to conserve energy. International leadership and worldwide cooperation are essential if we expect to protect the world’s energy resources for future generations.”
Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the opinion stated above. Support your views with reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or reading.
The amount of production and consumption of energy sources various across countries. There are several different forms of energy Coal, Natural gas, Petroleum, Nuclear Energy, Solar Energy etc. Different forms of energy are used in different sectors. Energy sources are shared across countries. Example: A country might be sufficient in Nuclear power but deficient in Petroleum. It needs Petroleum from other countries. Given the scenario like this, it is unrealistic to expect individual nations to make sacrifices independently to conserve energy. International leadership and worldwide cooperation are essential to protect Worlds energy resources for future generations.
According to 2006 data, China, United States of America and Russia are the major producers and consumers of world energy. These three countries together produced 41% and consumed 43% of world’s total energy. Residential, Commercial and Transportation are the sectors consuming major proportions of world’s total energy. Residential and transport are the sectors consuming about half of the United States energy.
Energy conservation has to be achieved in two ways: Maximize Energy efficiency and Reduce Energy Usage. Industrial and Transportation sector need to maximize energy efficiency. Residential sector need to reduce energy usage. Countries like United states, Japan, United Kingdom, India, Iran, European union, Srilanka etc have come up with strategies to reduce power consumption. Scientists are constantly researching for alternative energy sources for future generations
Active and Passive solar energy are used for Energy conservation. Green Home, Florescent lamps instead of Incandescent lights, etc are the innovative methods used to reduce power consumption. Advertising with high energy power has to be reduced to achieve power consumption. European union has set goal to reduced its power consumption by 20% before 2020. With growing needs to reduce power consumption, Manufacturing companies are displaying the energy consumption rating on the product enabling consumers to decide on lower energy consumption product. Apart from government organizations, there are private bodies like Carbon Trust and Energy Savings Trust which creates awareness on Energy savings.
In conclusion I would like to emphasize that even though individual nation’s attempts to reduce energy consumption there should be an international leadership to create significant changes in energy savings. The International body could be G8 nations. It should come up with Energy standards, Energy usage guidance, strategies for energy savings. International body should set goals for individual nations based on the industries, transportation and population. Appropriate actions or help must be provided to the country which doesn’t meet energy consumption goal.