Police published a wanted poster for a criminal fugitive in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Police published a wanted poster for a criminal fugitive in

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Police published a wanted poster for a criminal fugitive in [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2010, 04:50
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Police published a “wanted” poster for a criminal fugitive in a medical journal, because the fugitive was known to have a certain acute noninfectious skin problem that would eventually require a visit to a doctor. The poster asked for information about the whereabouts of the fugitive. A physician’s responding to the poster’s request for information would not violate medical ethics, since physicians are already subject to requirements to report gunshot wounds to police and certain infectious diseases to health authorities. These exceptions to confidentiality are clearly ethical.
Which one of the following principles, while remaining compatible with the requirements cited above, supports the view that a physician’s responding to the request would violate medical ethics?
(A) Since a physician acts both as a professional person and as a citizen, it is not ethical for a physician to conceal information about patients from duly constituted law enforcement agencies that have proper jurisdiction.
(B) Since a patient comes to a physician with the expectation that the patient’s visit and medical condition will remain confidential, it is not ethical for a physician to share this information with anyone except personnel within the physician’s office.
(C) Since the primary concern of medicine is individual and public health, it is not ethical for a physician, except in the case of gunshot wounds, to reduce patients’ willingness to come for treatment by a policy of disclosing their identities to law-enforcement agencies.
(D) Except as required by the medical treatment of the patient, physicians cannot ethically disclose to others information about a patient’s identity or medical condition without the patient’s consent.
(E) Except to other medical personnel working to preserve or restore the health of a patient or of other persons, physicians cannot ethically disclose information about the identity of patients or their medical condition.
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06 Jun 2010, 05:41
is it D? it reiterates what can be disclosed ethically.
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2010, 08:27
A
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2010, 14:39
the answer is c. look at the statement above - you should find an answer that keeps the exceptions but still violates ethics ("public health" is the clue here). c it is.
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 12:50
Is the OA (C)?
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 13:54
What is the source of this question. I think all the answers are incorrect.

I prephrased the correct answer to address that the legal requirements were for gunshot wounds and infectious diseases, where as the fugitive had a non infections disease.
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 11:06
only answer making sense to me is D. it would become unethical for the doctor to report without taking patient's consent. in this case he will have to report without consent (of the fugitive) and that would constitute unethical behavior on the doctor's part. If we had not included (without consent from patient) then the rules of ethics remain to the same....the doctor must not disclose except in case of gunshot wounds and infectious diseases. Adding taking the patient's consent adds a new twist to the argument and brings the question of ethics back to the fore again.
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 20:44
Assumption : In cases of exceptions to confidentiality, physicians should disclose the confidential information.
C neutralizes the exceptions - by saying it is not ethical for a physician, except in the case of gunshot wounds, ----> Its not clear whether the fugitive has "gun shot wounds". So its not ethical to report the identity to police.

D looks obvious. But gmat goes against the obvious. LOL
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 21:03
The answer should be C.
While all the other answers conflict with the argument's requirements, answer C does not discuss reporting to health authorities (no conflict), but only to law enforcement agencies, and states that doctors shouldn't report to them except for gunshot wounds (no conflict again)...
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 21:40
nusmavrik wrote:
Assumption : In cases of exceptions to confidentiality, physicians should disclose the confidential information.
C neutralizes the exceptions - by saying it is not ethical for a physician, except in the case of gunshot wounds, ----> Its not clear whether the fugitive has "gun shot wounds". So its not ethical to report the identity to police.

D looks obvious. But gmat goes against the obvious. LOL

pretty insightful
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 21:41
noboru kindly publish oa
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2010, 05:48
noboru wrote:
Police published a “wanted” poster for a criminal fugitive in a medical journal, because the fugitive was known to have a certain acute noninfectious skin problem that would eventually require a visit to a doctor. The poster asked for information about the whereabouts of the fugitive. A physician’s responding to the poster’s request for information would not violate medical ethics, since physicians are already subject to requirements to report gunshot wounds to police and certain infectious diseases to health authorities. These exceptions to confidentiality are clearly ethical.
Which one of the following principles, while remaining compatible with the requirements cited above, supports the view that a physician’s responding to the request would violate medical ethics?
(A) Since a physician acts both as a professional person and as a citizen, it is not ethical for a physician to conceal information about patients from duly constituted law enforcement agencies that have proper jurisdiction.
(B) Since a patient comes to a physician with the expectation that the patient’s visit and medical condition will remain confidential, it is not ethical for a physician to share this information with anyone except personnel within the physician’s office.
(C) Since the primary concern of medicine is individual and public health, it is not ethical for a physician, except in the case of gunshot wounds, to reduce patients’ willingness to come for treatment by a policy of disclosing their identities to law-enforcement agencies.
This could be the answer as it is neutral in its approach, and states the doctor can reveal the information only in case of gun shot wounds, BUT the answer should support the opinion that if the doctor responds to the plea then he would break the ethic. This ans provides support in that direction.
(D) Except as required by the medical treatment of the patient, physicians cannot ethically disclose to others information about a patient’s identity or medical condition without the patient’s consent.
Except as required indicates that the doctor can reveal to the authorities without violating the medical ethics, so this cannot be the answer.
(E) Except to other medical personnel working to preserve or restore the health of a patient or of other persons, physicians cannot ethically disclose information about the identity of patients or their medical condition.

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23 Jun 2010, 01:19
(C) Since the primary concern of medicine is individual and public health, it is not ethical for a physician, except in the case of gunshot wounds, to reduce patients’ willingness to come for treatment by a policy of disclosing their identities to law-enforcement agencies. This takes care off all options. Suggests that only in case of a gunshot ( which is not covered in individual and public health) or Individual( reffering to other doctors for treatment ) or public health ( such as swine flu), information can be shared with others. Thus this supports the view that disclosing the convicts information by doctor in this case would be unlawful. Correct
(D) Except as required by the medical treatment of the patient, physicians cannot ethically disclose to others information about a patient’s identity or medical condition without the patient’s consent. - This choice misses Gun shot exception so is half true. Wrong

So IMO C . QA plz
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Re: oh my god [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2010, 03:29

The question stem asks us to “support the view that a physician’s responding to the request would violate medical ethics.” In other words, we want to find a principle that would weaken the argument in the stimulus.

It would not be unethical, the passage argues, for a doctor to respond to the wanted poster, because it’s not unethical for doctors to inform the police about gunshot wounds. So to weaken the argument, we need a choice that invalidates the analogy between the two situations.

Choice (C) states that gunshot wounds are a unique exception to the general rule that it is unethical for doctors to disclose their patients’ identities to the police. (Some may have been troubled by the lack of reference in the right answer to infectious diseases
— the other exception mentioned in the stimulus — and thus been dissuaded from choosing (C). Recognize that the scope of both the wanted-poster situation and choice (C) is restricted to disclosure to law enforcement agencies only. The disease detail is tangential to
this situation.)
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Re: oh my god   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2010, 03:29
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# Police published a wanted poster for a criminal fugitive in

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