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Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of

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Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 14:24
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

43% (02:02) correct 57% (01:29) wrong based on 128 sessions
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


a)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far


b)c)still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods


c)remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far


d)still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods


e)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods


Pls explain
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: MGMAT CAT [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 16:01
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grbjha wrote:
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
(A) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
(B) still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods
(C) remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far
(D) still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods
(E) remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods


I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, when we say someone "remains concerned", this implies they have been concerned for a while and are still concerned. Adding the word "still" contributes absolutely no new information. The construction "still remains" is 100% redundant and always wrong. Therefore, right away, (B) & (D) are out.

This is a subtle grammar point. A proposition can have as its object an ordinary noun. A preposition can also have as its object the -ing form know as a gerund. In terms of the GMAT SC, it is illegal to have the construction: [preposition] + [noun] + [-ing form of verb]. For example, in answer choice (A),
...there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far
We are trying pack action into a prepositional phrase. If we want to describe action, we need a bonafide clause. This is why (A) is wrong.

(C) changes the meaning --- by saying "... few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods..." , it is suggesting that the "signs" are driving up the cost of the other goods. What the original sentence says, and what makes logical sense, is that the "higher energy prices" are driving up these costs. In swapping around the grammatical forms, (C) changes it something that is both different in meaning and illogical. (C) is wrong.

We have rejected the first four answers, so we hope (E) works! Fortunately, it does.
(E) Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods.
The action that (A) tried to cram into a prepositional phrase here appears correctly in a "that" clause with a full bonafide [noun] + [verb] structure: "that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods.
Everything is correct in this option.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: MGMAT CAT [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 06:56
Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


a)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, although there are few signs of increasing energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far although seems to present a weak contradiction.


b)c)still remain concerned about the prospects of inflation; there are as yet few signs that increasing energy prices are currently driving up the cost of other goods still remain seems redundant


c)remain concerned about the prospect for inflation, even though as yet few signs of higher energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods so far even though as yet... looks like faulty construction, sounds very awkward


d)still remain concerned about inflation, even though there are currently few signs that increasing energy prices drive up the cost of other goods


e)remain concerned about the prospect of inflation, despite the dearth of signs thus far that increasing energy prices are driving up the cost of other goods despite provide stronger contradiction and rest of the sentence looks grammatically correct

I just added my chain of thought. MikeMcGarry has provided a better explanation, that is more grammar sound.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2013, 18:22
Great expalnation!! Thnx Mike.
I got this correct but was not sure why a few choices are wrong.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2013, 05:09
Good question. I knew the usage "of increasing energy prices driving up the cost" is wrong but I was not sure of the gramatical error behind it.

Thanks to mikemcgarry for his explanation.
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Re: Policy makers remain concerned about the prospect of   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2013, 05:09
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