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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic

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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2011, 09:28
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A
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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society .

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient greeks.

(C)the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse , laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D)there were pioneered , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks.

(E)were the ancient Greeks who , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse.
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2011, 11:42
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after the words "Politicians and philosophers" and then a comma we need something that describes this ppl. so, B,D and E are out
since politicians and philosophers can not be the forms of government and public discourse, A is also out.
so, the answer is C
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2011, 12:08
I picked C...the meaning is only clear in option C.
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 09:35
schandok wrote:
what's wrong w/ B?


In B laying groundwork wrongly modifying Politicans and philosophers.
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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Politicians and philosophers ," were the ancient Greeks who , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse "


Word laying does not make sense , it is also not parallel with pioneered more over a simple past of lay would be better , laid


Hence E can be eliminated for all the above reasons



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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2011, 19:18
Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society

i find c also confusing. Since the phrase in the comma can be excluded and still though the sentence must be correct.
but if we remove the phrase in betn comma i.e. "Politicans and philosophers laying the groundwork for much of modern society" does not make the sentence correct. So is this option correct??

plz explain
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2011, 01:02
Politicans and philosophers is a modifier modifying the noun the ancient Greeks.

+1 or C
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2011, 08:22
Its C

But Can anyone properly justify how they eliminated E?

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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2011, 13:21
C is only correct answer...because politicians and philosophers should be followed by their modifier, so after comma ist's better to state "ancient Greeks and so on
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2015, 00:06
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Re: Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2015, 10:27
C? Noun modifier and clause modifier
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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 08:25
Expert's post
Politicians and philosophers , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

Points to look at


1. Politicians and philosophers cannot be forms of government or public discussion. They need to be compared with another noun indicating humans i.e., Greeks.
2. two phrases of the underlined part are in opposite voice.
    early forms............phrase is in passive voice
    laying..............phrase is in active voice
Whereas whole sentence needs to be constructed in a single voice form.


(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society
Incorrect due to modifier error and voice error as mentioned above.

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient greeks.
modifier misplacement error(early forms phrase is misplaced.) adds to other forms of error as in choice A.

(C)the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse , laying the groundwork for much of modern society
Correct without any errors.

(D)there were pioneered , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks.
there were pioneered is an incorrect modifier as it cannot modify politicians and there indicates location.
both laying and early forms phrases are misplaced as in choices A and B.


(E)were the ancient Greeks who , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse.
Greeks pioneered forms and this advancement led to groundwork of modern society.
This sentence makes it look like politicians pioneered early forms through laying groundwork which is incorrect.

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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2016, 09:18
georgepaul0071987 wrote:
Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society .


(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks , laying the groundwork for much of modern society
Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic government - politicians cant be government.

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient greeks.
Politicans and philosophers , laying..., early... wrong modification again.

(C)the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse , laying the groundwork for much of modern society
Politicans and philosophers , the ancient Greeks.... correct. poiticians and philosophers were the greeks.

(D)there were pioneered , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks.
Politicans and philosophers , there were pioneered . - wrong modification.

(E)were the ancient Greeks who , laying the groundwork for much of modern society , pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse.
change in meaning. wrong.
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Politicans and philosophers , early forms of democratic   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2016, 09:18
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