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Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian

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Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 11:16
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Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian Democratic Republic was separated into two independent states: the Laconian Socialistic Union (LSR) and The Republic of Laconia (TRL). Both newly born states initiated a series of in-depth economic reforms, and now, the average annual per capita income in TRL is 20% greater than in LSR. Given that the two territories had roughly the same average per capita income before the civil war, we can conclude that reforms undertaken by LSR have led to a decrease in the average per capita income of that state’s residents.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?


(A)The cost of living in both countries has remained roughly the same.
(B)The population of LSR is roughly the same as that of TRL.
(C)Reforms initiated by TRL have not resulted in per capita income growing to be 20% greater than two decades ago.
(D)LSU reforms were aimed at concentrating all major industries under state ownership, while TRL focused its reforms on supporting privately owned businesses.
(E)Prior to the split, most of the income generating businesses were situated in territories that became part of TRL.

OA to follow soon....
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 11:30
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We have to look for an answer that supports the conclusion: "reforms undertaken by LSR have led to a decrease in the average per capita income of that state’s residents".
This difference must be originated not by the good reforms of TSR, but by the bad reforms in LSR.

(C)Reforms initiated by TRL have not resulted in per capita income growing to be 20% greater than two decades ago.

C states exactly this concept: the gap is a result of bad reforms in LSR.
IMO C, waiting for OA...
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 11:37
Zarrolou wrote:

(C)Reforms initiated by TRL have not resulted in per capita income growing to be 20% greater than two decades ago.

C states exactly this concept: the gap is a result of bad reforms in LSR.
IMO C, waiting for OA...


Hi .. Thanks for picking the question . Could you please elaborate a little on choice "c" -- How is this related to LSR's bad reform .

thanks !

OA is "C"
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 11:41
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The passage says that they had the same income. So if now there is a difference and one income didn't grow (or grew slowly), then the other must have declined (thanks to bad reforms).

Hope it's clear
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 12:21
Excellent question......I ended up selecting B....bt yes C is the correct answer. Can anyone explain why the answer is not B.

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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 12:26
Archit143 wrote:
Excellent question......I ended up selecting B....bt yes C is the correct answer. Can anyone explain why the answer is not B.

Archit


Take a look at my explanation above.
B is not correct because there is no correlation between the population and the decline in per capita income;
the population could play a role here if we would talk about values like GPD, that don't take into consideration the number of citizens.
But since we are talking about per capita values, the "value" of the population is not a disturbing factor.
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 13:39
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The OA is C, which makes sense because it is the only choice that gives an alternative to the conclusion that is postulated in the question. The question assumes that the 20% difference between LSR and TSR is due to LSR performing poorly, when it could have just as easily been due to TSR performing well.

If you and I were making the same salary 5 years ago, and today yours is 20% greater, does that mean I did really badly at my job, or is it possible that I did okay and you did really well? Both possibilities would lead to the same situation, so answer choice C removes a significant weakness that could have damaged the purpoted conclusion.

Answer choices D and E seem to play along your potential preconceived notions of similar contries that have undergone similar transitions at one time or another (Germany, Korea), so this is a good reminder to leave the preconceived notions at home and examine the question solely on the information provided.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 04:19
VeritasPrepRon wrote:
The OA is C, which makes sense because it is the only choice that gives an alternative to the conclusion that is postulated in the question. The question assumes that the 20% difference between LSR and TSR is due to LSR performing poorly, when it could have just as easily been due to TSR performing well.

If you and I were making the same salary 5 years ago, and today yours is 20% greater, does that mean I did really badly at my job, or is it possible that I did okay and you did really well? Both possibilities would lead to the same situation, so answer choice C removes a significant weakness that could have damaged the purpoted conclusion.

Answer choices D and E seem to play along your potential preconceived notions of similar contries that have undergone similar transitions at one time or another (Germany, Korea), so this is a good reminder to leave the preconceived notions at home and examine the question solely on the information provided.

Hope this helps!
-Ron



thank you Ron and Zarrolou +1 to both of you !
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 06:01
Zarrolou wrote:
Archit143 wrote:
Excellent question......I ended up selecting B....bt yes C is the correct answer. Can anyone explain why the answer is not B.

Archit


Take a look at my explanation above.
B is not correct because there is no correlation between the population and the decline in per capita income;
the population could play a role here if we would talk about values like GPD, that don't take into consideration the number of citizens.
But since we are talking about per capita values, the "value" of the population is not a disturbing factor.

To explain this in a slightly different way:

Per Capita is a per person number, basically an average number. The sample size doesn't have to be the same, or even relatively the same to compare average numbers.
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 06:34
If i am nt wrong...per capita = (total income/ population)...So if the total income of both the states are same , but they have varying population figs...i think per capita will change..so as to efficiently compare we must assume the population of both states to be same.
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 06:42
Archit143 wrote:
If i am nt wrong...per capita = (total income/ population)...So if the total income of both the states are same , but they have varying population figs...i think per capita will change..so as to efficiently compare we must assume the population of both states to be same.


Quote:
Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian Democratic Republic was separated into two independent states: the Laconian Socialistic Union (LSR) and The Republic of Laconia (TRL). Both newly born states initiated a series of in-depth economic reforms, and now, the average annual per capita income in TRL is 20% greater than in LSR. Given that the two territories had roughly the same average per capita income before the civil war, we can conclude that reforms undertaken by LSR have led to a decrease in the average per capita income of that state’s residents.


Total income was never part of the problem. The income has always been classified as per capita so the population sizes don't matter.
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Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2013, 06:41
it has to be C ..... lets say their per capita incomes were x and y . now after 20 yrs x becomes 20 prcnt more than y . Now this can happen only either x increases by 20 prcnt or y decreases . C option answers it . More of a maths question .
Re: Politician: After a civil war two decades ago, the Laconian   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2013, 06:41
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