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Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled

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Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2013, 18:51
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Question Stats:

37% (02:09) correct 63% (01:20) wrong based on 171 sessions
Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled fines for infringement of traffic regulations. Since 2009, the number of serious car accidents in Laconia has decreased by 20 percent. Based on this evidence, it can be concluded that it was the increased fines that brought about the decrease in the number of serious car accidents.

Journalist: However, you must also consider that until 2009, the Laconian police force classified as serious all car accidents in which more than two vehicles were involved; starting in 2009, only accidents that involved more than three vehicles were considered serious.

The journalist attacks the politician’s argument by doing which of the following?

(A)Undermining the validity of the assumption on which the politician’s argument depends.

(B)Presenting additional information that suggests that evidence presented by the politician is not accurate.

(C)Suggesting that the politician uses evidence about few cases to draw a general conclusion.

(D)Presenting information that is more recent than information on which the politician’s argument is built.

(E)Implying that the politician manipulates information about the percent decrease to draw a conclusion about a number decrease.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by guerrero25 on 10 Jun 2013, 01:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2013, 23:35
guerrero25 wrote:
Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled fines for infringement of traffic regulations. Since 2009, the number of serious car accidents in Laconia has decreased by 20 percent. Based on this evidence, it can be concluded that it was the increased fines that brought about the decrease in the number of serious car accidents.

Journalist: However, you must also consider that until 2009, the Laconian police force classified as serious all car accidents in which more than two vehicles were involved; starting in 2009, only accidents that involved more than three vehicles were considered serious.

The journalist attacks the politician’s argument by doing which of the following?

(A)Undermining the validity of the assumption on which the politician’s argument depends.

(B)Presenting additional information that suggests that evidence presented by the politician is not accurate.

(C)Suggesting that the politician uses evidence about few cases to draw a general conclusion.

(D)Presenting information that is more recent than information on which the politician’s argument is built.

(E)Implying that the politician manipulates information about the percent decrease to draw a conclusion about a number decrease.


C, D and E are not suitable. Out of A and B, A is more appropriate because B says that the journalist's evidence suggests that the politicians argument is not accurate. But the passage merely mentions that the basis of the statistic changed. So essentially the assumption behind the figure has changed but the figure itself cannot be deemed inaccurate
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Re: Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2013, 03:21
guerrero25 wrote:
Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled fines for infringement of traffic regulations. Since 2009, the number of serious car accidents in Laconia has decreased by 20 percent. Based on this evidence, it can be concluded that it was the increased fines that brought about the decrease in the number of serious car accidents.

Journalist: However, you must also consider that until 2009, the Laconian police force classified as serious all car accidents in which more than two vehicles were involved; starting in 2009, only accidents that involved more than three vehicles were considered serious.

The journalist attacks the politician’s argument by doing which of the following?

Clearly the contention is between A and B. Let's break the argument into evidences and assumptions.
Politician:
Evidence 1: 2009 GoL increased fines for traffic violation.
Evidence 2: Since 2009 SCA reduced by 20%.
Assumption: Increase in fine led to the decrease in number of SCA.

Journalist:
Evidence: Until 2009, SCA = accidents involving 2 cars. Starting 2009, SCA = accidents involving 3 cars.

(B)Presenting additional information that suggests that evidence presented by the politician is not accurate. Incorrect , because the evidence provided by the journalist talks only about the SCA and its meaning. It does not invalidate any of the evidences provided by the politician.
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Re: Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2013, 01:10
I took 10 mins but finally figured out A
Re: Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2013, 01:10
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Politician: Early in 2009, the government of Laconia tripled

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